This work aims to study the dynamics of and noise generated by large-scale structures in a Mach 0.9 turbulent jet of Reynolds number using plasma-based excitation of shear layer instabilities. The excitation frequency is varied to produce individual or periodic coherent ring vortices in the shear layer. First, two-point cross-correlations are used between the acoustic near field and far field in order to identify the dominant noise source region. The large-scale structure interactions are then investigated by stochastically estimating time-resolved velocity fields using time-resolved near-field pressure traces and non-time-resolved planar velocity snapshots (obtained by particle image velocimetry) by means of an artificial neural network. The estimated time-resolved velocity fields show multiple mergings of large-scale structures in the shear layer, and indicate that disintegration of coherent ring vortices is the dominant aeroacoustic source mechanism for the jet studied here. However, the merging of vortices in the initial shear layer is also identified as a non-trivial noise source mechanism.
Crawley, M., Gefen, L., Kuo, C., Samimy, M.o., & Camussi, R. (2018). Vortex dynamics and sound emission in excited high-speed jets. JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, 839, 313-347 [10.1017/jfm.2017.906].