A multiscale method that allows a noninvasive and precise integration of thousands of nano- or microscale electronic devices into large macroscopic materials or structures of any 3D shape and rigidity is demonstrated. An array of microsensors (for strain and temperature) is built on a spider-web-like, highly expandable and flexible polyimide substrate that is engineered in such a way as to allow unique area dilatations. Â© 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Lanzara, G., Salowitz, N., Guo, Z., Chang, F. (2010). A spider-web-like highly expandable sensor network for multifunctional materials. ADVANCED MATERIALS, 22(41), 4643-4648 [10.1002/adma.201000661].