tWe use data about the Italian Constitutional Court (1956–2006) to verify an implication of the “revisionist”explanation of judicial independence related to judicial appointments, namely that elected politiciansreward more independent justices with appointments to politically controlled posts after their Courttenure expires. In this respect, the Court tenure serves as a screening device for politicians to ascertain thejustices’ personal independence. The empirical strategy is two-step. First, we estimate a logit fixed-effectmodel to evaluate the personal degree of independence for each justice reporter. This “justice-effect” isbased on the proneness of a justice to declare the constitutional illegitimacy of a law controlling for theenvironmental conditional phenomena. Second, we verify to what extent this degree of independenceaffects the probability of obtaining a politically controlled post after the end of the mandate at the Court.Our results, obtained by a variety of estimators to check their robustness, strongly support the revisionistview.
Padovano, F., Fiorino, N., Gavoille, N. (2015). Rewarding Judicial Independence: Evidence from the Italian Constitutional Court. INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW AND ECONOMICS, 43, 56-66.