In this paper, a new analytical solution for interpreting dipole tests in heterogeneous media is derived by associating the shape of the tracer breakthrough curve with the log-conductivity variance. It is presented how the solution can be used for interpretation of dipole field test in view of geostatistical aquifer characterization on three illustrative examples. The analytical solution for the tracer breakthrough curve at the pumping well in a dipole tracer test is developed by considering a perfectly stratified formation. The analysis is carried out making use of the travel time of a generic solute particle, from the injection to the pumping well. Injection conditions are adapted to different possible field setting. Solutions are presented for resident and flux proportional injection mode as well as for an instantaneous pulse of solute and continuous solute injections. The analytical form of the solution allows a detailed investigation on the impact of heterogeneity, the tracer input conditions and ergodicity conditions at the well. The impact of heterogeneity manifests in a significant spreading of solute particles that increases the natural tendency to spreading induced by the dipole setup. Furthermore, with increasing heterogeneity the number of layers needed to reach ergodic conditions become larger. Thus, dipole test in highly heterogeneous aquifers might take place under non-ergodic conditions giving that the log-conductivity variance is underestimated. The method is a promising geostatistical analyzing tool being the first analytical solution for dipole tracer test analysis taking heterogeneity of hydraulic conductivity into account.
Zech, A., D'Angelo, C., Attinger, S., & Fiori, A. (2018). Revisitation of the dipole tracer test for heterogeneous porous formations. ADVANCES IN WATER RESOURCES, 115, 198-206.
|Titolo:||Revisitation of the dipole tracer test for heterogeneous porous formations|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Citazione:||Zech, A., D'Angelo, C., Attinger, S., & Fiori, A. (2018). Revisitation of the dipole tracer test for heterogeneous porous formations. ADVANCES IN WATER RESOURCES, 115, 198-206.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|