The morphology, optical, spectroscopic and electrical characterization of mm-long graphite pillars created by picosecond pulsed laser irradiation ( λ = 800 nm and 1 kHz of repetition rate), buried in single crystal CVD diamond to be employed as electrodes in a 3D diamond detector, is reported. The array of graphitized columns – 2.5 mm-long, with a diameter of ≈ 10 µ m – consisted of two rows spaced by 110 µ m with 12 pillars in each, which formed an interdigitated electrode structure embedded in the diamond crystal bulk. The presence of stressed regions along and between pillars were clearly shown with optical polarized microscopy, in a black ﬁeld conﬁguration. Confocal micro-Raman and photoluminescence analysis has been employed to scan local stresses, both generated around the graphitic wires and also developed on the pillars’ plane. Defected / stressed regions with diameter of the order of 10 µ m surrounding the individual pillars was measured, and paired carbon interstitials (3H defects) were also revealed. For the investigated structure, detrimental e ﬀ ects induced by such structural defects, clearly produced by laser-induced diamond-graphite transition, as well as the presence of a relatively high voltage drop along the graphitized pillars related to their own geometry have been reﬂected on the charge carriers collection performances evaluated under MeV β-particles. The creation of electronic active states within the diamond bandgap, as emphasized by spectral photoconductivity characterization, would play a fundamental role in lowering lifetime of generated carriers and then the detector collection e ﬃ ciency. Indeed, states located in the middle of the diamond bandgap, acting as e ﬃ cient recombination centers and decreasing the lifetime of generated carriers, drastically reduce the mean drift path of barriers and then the overall detector collection e ﬃ ciency, as evaluated in the examined structure even at the highest applied voltages (up to 600 V).
Khomich, A.A., Ashikkalieva, K.K., Bolshakov, A.P., Kononenko, T.V., Ralchenko, V.G., Konov, V.I., et al. (2018). Very long laser-induced graphitic pillars buried in Single-Crystal CVD-Diamond for 3D detectors realization. DIAMOND AND RELATED MATERIALS, 90, 84-92.
|Titolo:||Very long laser-induced graphitic pillars buried in Single-Crystal CVD-Diamond for 3D detectors realization|
OLIVA, PIETRO [Membro del Collaboration Group] (Corresponding)
CONTE, Gennaro [Supervision]
SALVATORI, STEFANO [Membro del Collaboration Group]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Citazione:||Khomich, A.A., Ashikkalieva, K.K., Bolshakov, A.P., Kononenko, T.V., Ralchenko, V.G., Konov, V.I., et al. (2018). Very long laser-induced graphitic pillars buried in Single-Crystal CVD-Diamond for 3D detectors realization. DIAMOND AND RELATED MATERIALS, 90, 84-92.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|