A new strategy that repairs severely damaged reinforced concrete (RC) columns after an earthquake is proposed as a simpler and quicker solution with respect to the strategies currently available in the literature. The external concrete parts are removed from the column surface along the whole plastic hinge region to uncover the steel reinforcement. The transverse steel is cut away, and each longitudinal rebar is locally substituted by steel rebar segments connected by welding connections to the original undamaged rebar pieces outside the intervention zone. The new rebar segments have a reduced diameter achieved by turning to ensure plastic deformation only in the plastic hinge, protecting the original rebar and the welding connections. The connection is specifically designed to be effective and simple, and is directly realized on column reinforcement. Finally, the removed concrete is restored by a jacket built with high-performance concrete with steel or polymer fibers. The use of concrete with high volume fraction of polymer fibers to repair the column is investigated for the first time in this paper. This concrete was characterized by compression and flexural tests in the laboratory and its mechanical characteristics were compared with those of the concrete with steel fibers, which are being increasingly used in construction. The repair strategy was applied to two RC columns (1:6 scaled bridge piers), tested by asymmetric cyclic tests. The results show that the column strength, stiffness, and ductility were restored, and the energy dissipation capacity improved. The experimental evidence was investigated by fiber models in OpenSees.

Xue, J., Lavorato, D., Bergami, A.V., Nuti, C., Briseghella, B., Marano, G.C., et al. (2018). Severely damaged reinforced concrete circular columns repaired by turned steel rebar and high-performance concrete jacketing with steel or polymer fibers. APPLIED SCIENCES, 8(9), 1671 [10.3390/app8091671].

Severely damaged reinforced concrete circular columns repaired by turned steel rebar and high-performance concrete jacketing with steel or polymer fibers

Lavorato, Davide;Bergami, Alessandro V.;Nuti, Camillo;Santini, Silvia
2018-01-01

Abstract

A new strategy that repairs severely damaged reinforced concrete (RC) columns after an earthquake is proposed as a simpler and quicker solution with respect to the strategies currently available in the literature. The external concrete parts are removed from the column surface along the whole plastic hinge region to uncover the steel reinforcement. The transverse steel is cut away, and each longitudinal rebar is locally substituted by steel rebar segments connected by welding connections to the original undamaged rebar pieces outside the intervention zone. The new rebar segments have a reduced diameter achieved by turning to ensure plastic deformation only in the plastic hinge, protecting the original rebar and the welding connections. The connection is specifically designed to be effective and simple, and is directly realized on column reinforcement. Finally, the removed concrete is restored by a jacket built with high-performance concrete with steel or polymer fibers. The use of concrete with high volume fraction of polymer fibers to repair the column is investigated for the first time in this paper. This concrete was characterized by compression and flexural tests in the laboratory and its mechanical characteristics were compared with those of the concrete with steel fibers, which are being increasingly used in construction. The repair strategy was applied to two RC columns (1:6 scaled bridge piers), tested by asymmetric cyclic tests. The results show that the column strength, stiffness, and ductility were restored, and the energy dissipation capacity improved. The experimental evidence was investigated by fiber models in OpenSees.
2018
Xue, J., Lavorato, D., Bergami, A.V., Nuti, C., Briseghella, B., Marano, G.C., et al. (2018). Severely damaged reinforced concrete circular columns repaired by turned steel rebar and high-performance concrete jacketing with steel or polymer fibers. APPLIED SCIENCES, 8(9), 1671 [10.3390/app8091671].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/342486
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 47
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 32
social impact