A low-cost compact planar leaky-wave antenna (LWA) is proposed offering directive broadside radiation over a significantly wide bandwidth. The design is based on an annular metallic strip grating (MSG) configuration, placed on top of a dual-layer grounded dielectric substrate. This defines a new two-layer parallel-plate open waveguide, whose operational principles are accurately investigated. To assist in our antenna design, a method-of-moments dispersion analysis has been developed to characterize the relevant TM and TE modes of the perturbed guiding structure. By proper selection of the MSG for a fabricated prototype and its supporting dielectric layers as well as the practical TM antenna feed embedded in the bottom ground plane, far-field pencil-beam patterns are observed at broadside and over a wide frequency range, i.e., from 21.9 GHz to 23.9 GHz, defining a radiating percentage bandwidth of more than 8.5%. This can be explained by a dominantly excited TM mode, with low dispersion, employed to generate a two-sided far-field beam pattern which combines to produce a single beam at broadside over frequency. Some applications of this planar antenna include radar and satellite communications at microwave and millimeter-wave frequencies as well as future 5G communication devices and wireless power transmission systems.

Comite, D., Podilchak, S.K., Baccarelli, P., Burghignoli, P., Galli, A., Freundorfer, A.P., et al. (2018). Analysis and Design of a Compact Leaky-Wave Antenna for Wide-Band Broadside Radiation. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8(1), 1-14 [10.1038/s41598-018-35480-7].

Analysis and Design of a Compact Leaky-Wave Antenna for Wide-Band Broadside Radiation

Comite, Davide;Baccarelli, Paolo;Galli, Alessandro;
2018-01-01

Abstract

A low-cost compact planar leaky-wave antenna (LWA) is proposed offering directive broadside radiation over a significantly wide bandwidth. The design is based on an annular metallic strip grating (MSG) configuration, placed on top of a dual-layer grounded dielectric substrate. This defines a new two-layer parallel-plate open waveguide, whose operational principles are accurately investigated. To assist in our antenna design, a method-of-moments dispersion analysis has been developed to characterize the relevant TM and TE modes of the perturbed guiding structure. By proper selection of the MSG for a fabricated prototype and its supporting dielectric layers as well as the practical TM antenna feed embedded in the bottom ground plane, far-field pencil-beam patterns are observed at broadside and over a wide frequency range, i.e., from 21.9 GHz to 23.9 GHz, defining a radiating percentage bandwidth of more than 8.5%. This can be explained by a dominantly excited TM mode, with low dispersion, employed to generate a two-sided far-field beam pattern which combines to produce a single beam at broadside over frequency. Some applications of this planar antenna include radar and satellite communications at microwave and millimeter-wave frequencies as well as future 5G communication devices and wireless power transmission systems.
Comite, D., Podilchak, S.K., Baccarelli, P., Burghignoli, P., Galli, A., Freundorfer, A.P., et al. (2018). Analysis and Design of a Compact Leaky-Wave Antenna for Wide-Band Broadside Radiation. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8(1), 1-14 [10.1038/s41598-018-35480-7].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/345560
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