The essay considers Lutheran theology from a critical-philosophical point of view. Inspiration is drawn from the relationship between philosophy and theology delineated by Leibniz in the Théodicée. The essay continues by clarifying the essential nucleus of Lutheran theology: the insuperability of the dialectic opposition between contraries. The author explores the centrality of the dialectic of opposites to demonstrate how Lutheran theology can be interpreted as an anthropology dominated by the negative. According to the principle of the relationship between opposites, Luther’s negative anthropology is capable of liberating the “Christian Prince” from the oligarchic exercise of power. Lutheran theology is fruitful for a political anthropology that puts concepts such as service, risk and dignity in the centre of its reflection.
Failla, M. (2018). La critica filosofica incontra Lutero. SYZETESIS, La Riforma di Lutero: A 500 anni dalle 95 Tesi (a cura di Alessandro Agostini)(2/ 2018), 251-267.