We prove the existence and the linear stability of Cantor families of small amplitude time quasi-periodic standing water wave solutions—namely periodic and even in the space variable x—of a bi-dimensional ocean with finite depth under the action of pure gravity. Such a result holds for all the values of the depth parameter in a Borel set of asymptotically full measure. This is a small divisor problem. The main difficulties are the fully nonlinear nature of the gravity water waves equations—the highest order x-derivative appears in the nonlinear term but not in the linearization at the origin—and the fact that the linear frequencies grow just in a sublinear way at infinity. We overcome these problems by first reducing the linearized operators, obtained at each approximate quasi-periodic solution along a Nash–Moser iterative scheme, to constant coefficients up to smoothing operators, using pseudo-differential changes of variables that are quasi-periodic in time. Then we apply a KAM reducibility scheme which requires very weak Melnikov non-resonance conditions which lose derivatives both in time and space. Despite the fact that the depth parameter moves the linear frequencies by just exponentially small quantities, we are able to verify such non-resonance conditions for most values of the depth, extending degenerate KAM theory.

Baldi, P., Berti, M., Haus, E., Montalto, R. (2018). Time quasi-periodic gravity water waves in finite depth. INVENTIONES MATHEMATICAE, 214(2), 739-911 [10.1007/s00222-018-0812-2].

Time quasi-periodic gravity water waves in finite depth

Baldi, Pietro;BERTI, MASSIMILIANO;Haus, Emanuele;Montalto, Riccardo
2018-01-01

Abstract

We prove the existence and the linear stability of Cantor families of small amplitude time quasi-periodic standing water wave solutions—namely periodic and even in the space variable x—of a bi-dimensional ocean with finite depth under the action of pure gravity. Such a result holds for all the values of the depth parameter in a Borel set of asymptotically full measure. This is a small divisor problem. The main difficulties are the fully nonlinear nature of the gravity water waves equations—the highest order x-derivative appears in the nonlinear term but not in the linearization at the origin—and the fact that the linear frequencies grow just in a sublinear way at infinity. We overcome these problems by first reducing the linearized operators, obtained at each approximate quasi-periodic solution along a Nash–Moser iterative scheme, to constant coefficients up to smoothing operators, using pseudo-differential changes of variables that are quasi-periodic in time. Then we apply a KAM reducibility scheme which requires very weak Melnikov non-resonance conditions which lose derivatives both in time and space. Despite the fact that the depth parameter moves the linear frequencies by just exponentially small quantities, we are able to verify such non-resonance conditions for most values of the depth, extending degenerate KAM theory.
2018
Baldi, P., Berti, M., Haus, E., Montalto, R. (2018). Time quasi-periodic gravity water waves in finite depth. INVENTIONES MATHEMATICAE, 214(2), 739-911 [10.1007/s00222-018-0812-2].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/345941
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