A simple optical system is proposed to generate full-Poincaré beams (FPBs), i.e. beams presenting all possible states of (total) polarization across their transverse section. The method consists in focusing a uniformly polarized laser beam onto a uniaxial crystal having its optic axis parallel to the propagation axis of the impinging beam. A simple approximated model is used to obtain the analytical expression of the beam polarization at the output of the crystal. The output beam is then proved to be a FPB. By changing the polarization state of the input field, full-Poincaré beams are still obtained, but presenting different distributions of the polarization state across the beam section. Experimental results are reported, showing an excellent agreement with the theoretical predictions.
Piquero, G., Monroy, L., Santarsiero, M., Alonzo, M., Sande, J.C.G.D. (2018). Synthesis of full Poincaré beams by means of uniaxial crystals. JOURNAL OF OPTICS, 20(6), 065602 [10.1088/2040-8986/aabdad].