The crisis of the political unity of Catholics and the Christian Democracy decline are just some of the effects of the Second Vatican Council on the transformation of the Italian political system. A huge historiography, especially since the 1990s, analyzes the long-term consequences of the conciliar Aggiornamento, which has redefined the boundaries and the contents of Catholic political geography. Above all historians reflect on the continuities / discontinuities between the social and evangelizing demands of Montini’s pontificate and the claims-based identity of the wojtyłian project faced with the dissolution of the religious presence within the fluid relationships of postmodernity, devoid of form and always unstable. The reorganization of the CEI, the end of the collateralism, the new ecclesial movements, the Dissent, the centrifugal thrusts on the left and the dogmatic and neo-intransigent impulses on the right of the DC: these topics are the focus of the historiographical debate. Starting from the Second Vatican Council, following the disappearance of Catholic centrality in republican life and the disappearance of the twentieth-century party form, Political Catholicism is still facing with the great, often unresolved challenges of the Catholic question in the contemporary world, such as Church / nation relations and religion and democracy relations.
Sergio, M.L. (2018). Il cattolicesimo politico e la Chiesa dopo il Concilio Vaticano II. MONDO CONTEMPORANEO(2-3), 155-167 [10.3280/MON2018-002013].