We present results from molecular dynamics simulations of a solution of water and trehalose, a cryoprotecting disaccharide, upon cooling. We focus our attention on both the dynamics of hydration water and of the trehalose. Hydration water presents two slow relaxations. One is the α relaxation typical of glass formers and the second one is a long relaxation that was also found in proteins hydration water and appears coupled to the movement of the surface of trehaloses. Below 280 K trehalose aggregates and upon further cooling we find a dynamical transition for the trehalose aggregate at around 250 K similar to the well known Protein Dynamical Transition. When this transition happens the long relaxation time has a dynamical crossover. We hypothesize that this dynamical transition is a general feature that can be found not only in proteins but also in aggregates that interact with water and that have a flexible structure. In fact this feature has already been found not only in proteins hydration water but also in a colloidal microgel. In the known cases, including the one that we present here, water enhances movements of the surface of these aggregates above a certain temperature. The temperature of this dynamical transition ranges between 260 K and 220 K in all known cases.
Iorio, A., Camisasca, G., Gallo, P. (2019). Slow dynamics of hydration water and the trehalose dynamical transition. JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS, 282, 617-625 [10.1016/j.molliq.2019.02.088].