‘Cryptic’ species are an emerging biological problem that is broadly discussed in the present study. Recently, a cryptic species definition was suggested for those species which manifest low morphological, but considerable genetic, disparity. As a case study we present unique material from a charismatic group of nudibranch molluscs of the genus Trinchesia from European waters to reveal three new species and demonstrate that they show a dual nature: on one hand, they can be considered a ‘cryptic’ species complex due to their overall similarity, but on the other hand, stable morphological differences as well as molecular differences are demonstrated for every species in that complex. Thus, this species complex can equally be named ‘cryptic’, ‘pseudocryptic’ or ‘non-cryptic’. We also present evidence for an extremely rapid speciation rate in this species complex and link the species problem with epigenetics. Available metazoan-wide data, which are broadly discussed in the present study, show the unsuitability of a ‘cryptic’ species concept because the degree of crypticity represents a continuum when a finer multilevel morphological and molecular scale is applied to uncover more narrowly defined species making the ‘cryptic’ addition to ‘species’ redundant. Morphological and molecular methods should be applied in concordance to form a fine-scale multilevel taxonomic framework, and not necessarily implying only an a posteriori transformation of exclusively molecularbased ‘cryptic’ species into morphologically-defined ‘pseudocryptic’ ones. Implications of the present study have importance for many fields, including conservation biology and fine-scale biodiversity assessments.
Korshunova, T., Picton, B., Furfaro, G., Mariottini, P., Pontes, M., Prkić, J., et al. (2019). Multilevel fine-scale diversity challenges the ‘cryptic species’ concept. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9, 6732 [10.1038/s41598-019-42297-5].
|Titolo:||Multilevel fine-scale diversity challenges the ‘cryptic species’ concept.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||Korshunova, T., Picton, B., Furfaro, G., Mariottini, P., Pontes, M., Prkić, J., et al. (2019). Multilevel fine-scale diversity challenges the ‘cryptic species’ concept. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9, 6732 [10.1038/s41598-019-42297-5].|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|