Engineering of ductile, tough and thermal resistant PLA-based materials requires blending of PLA with other constituents by reactive twin-screw co-rotating extrusion to achieve compounds with adequate thermo-mechanical properties. Then, the compound of the polymeric blends must be melt processed to the final shape with an additional technology, namely the injection molding. The two-stage process the polymeric blends must undergo and the different rheological properties the blends must feature to be suitable to the different processing steps make extremely difficult to engineer the material. Extrusion compounding requires high viscous materials low melt flow index (MFI), while injection molding requires materials with low viscosity (high MFI). To overcome these shortcomings, this manuscript deals with the design of novel biodegradable PLA-based blends that rely on mixing PLA grades with different MFI (i.e. very low for extrusion and high for injection molding), each chosen to feature the rheological characteristics needed for each step of the two-stage transformation process. The ratio of the two PLA-grades inside the blends was the matter of the present investigation. The blends were subsequently tested for the manufacturing of single-use biodegradable and thermal resistant injection molded small cups, specifically designed for brewing of hot beverages. Lastly, the thermo-mechanical performance of the as-is and annealed cups were studied. Experimental evidences show blending of two-different grades of PLA is a promising route to formulate low impact polymeric materials suitable for demanding packaging solutions.

Barletta, M., & Puopolo, M. (2019). Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Components Manufactured by Engineered Biodegradable Blends. JOURNAL OF POLYMERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT, 27(10), 2105-2118 [10.1007/s10924-019-01500-4].

Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Components Manufactured by Engineered Biodegradable Blends

Barletta M.
;
Puopolo M.
2019

Abstract

Engineering of ductile, tough and thermal resistant PLA-based materials requires blending of PLA with other constituents by reactive twin-screw co-rotating extrusion to achieve compounds with adequate thermo-mechanical properties. Then, the compound of the polymeric blends must be melt processed to the final shape with an additional technology, namely the injection molding. The two-stage process the polymeric blends must undergo and the different rheological properties the blends must feature to be suitable to the different processing steps make extremely difficult to engineer the material. Extrusion compounding requires high viscous materials low melt flow index (MFI), while injection molding requires materials with low viscosity (high MFI). To overcome these shortcomings, this manuscript deals with the design of novel biodegradable PLA-based blends that rely on mixing PLA grades with different MFI (i.e. very low for extrusion and high for injection molding), each chosen to feature the rheological characteristics needed for each step of the two-stage transformation process. The ratio of the two PLA-grades inside the blends was the matter of the present investigation. The blends were subsequently tested for the manufacturing of single-use biodegradable and thermal resistant injection molded small cups, specifically designed for brewing of hot beverages. Lastly, the thermo-mechanical performance of the as-is and annealed cups were studied. Experimental evidences show blending of two-different grades of PLA is a promising route to formulate low impact polymeric materials suitable for demanding packaging solutions.
Barletta, M., & Puopolo, M. (2019). Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Components Manufactured by Engineered Biodegradable Blends. JOURNAL OF POLYMERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT, 27(10), 2105-2118 [10.1007/s10924-019-01500-4].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/354802
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