"UPDATE AVAILABLE: COMPREHENSIVE TOOLS FORCOMPARATIVE ANATOMY VER.2.0" F. Spani1, M. Carosi1, M. Scalici1, M.P. Morigi2,3,4, M. Bettuzzi2,3,4, M. Colasanti11 Department of Sciences, Roma Tre University, Rome;2Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna,Bologna; 3Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche“Enrico Fermi”, Rome; 4Istituto Nazionale di Fisica NucleareRome, ItalyE-mail: federica.spani@uniroma3.it Treatises on comparative anatomy1,2are the evidence of howinvestigating anatomical structures have been crucial to betterknow living organisms and their interplay with the surroundingenvironment which could induce significant morphological varia-tion. Traditional anatomical dissections for exploring internalmorphology were not suitable to maintain integrity of samples.In the last few years, bio-imaging techniques paired with geomet-ric morphometrics (GM), and applied to comparative anatomystudies, overcame these limits becoming at the same time widelynon-invasive and highly descriptive. In fact, they preserved sam-ples in their whole integrity, unfolding new descriptors of formvariation previously unknown. The application field of these tech-niques ranged from 2- to 3-dimensional GM studies, coveringboth invertebrates and vertebrates. Radiological instrumentsbelonging to the family of Computed Tomography (CT) scannersdefinitively allowed to advance in the knowledge of either knownor neglected biological structures. Our implementations coveredseveral animal orders (e.g. Decapoda, Ephemeroptera Mytiloida,Macroscelidea, Primates). Here we focused on the feasibility ofthe cone-beam CT for 3D surface scanning of the mussel Mytilusgalloprovincialis(Lamarck, 1819) valves,3,4and the potential ofmicro-CT scanner in detecting and 3D characterizing virtual vol-umes of genital bones in primates (i.e., baculumin males andbaubellumin females).5These innovative practices help toengage and deepen the meaning of shape in animal biology, fromboth structural and evolutionary views. They allow to describethe relation between phylogeny and morphogenesis, identifyingall possible links between structure, function and fitness, andmechanical and ontogenetic modifications due to environmentalpressures, including anthropogenic alterations.1. Grandidier A. Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar1875, 6: 272-278.2. Hill PWC. Primates-Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy 1953-1974,vols. 1-7.3. Scalici M et al. Ecotoxicology 2017, 26: 396-404.4. Scalici M et al. Aquat Living Resour 2016, 29: 207.5. Spani F et al. Folia Primatol 2017, 88: 200.

Spani, F., Carosi, M., Scalici, M., Morigi, M.P., Bettuzzi, M., Colasanti, M. (2018). Update available: comprehensive tools for comparative anatomy ver.2.0. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HISTOCHEMISTRY, 62(1), 13-13 [10.4081/ejh.2019.2951].

Update available: comprehensive tools for comparative anatomy ver.2.0

F. Spani;M. Carosi;M. Scalici;M. Colasanti
2018

Abstract

"UPDATE AVAILABLE: COMPREHENSIVE TOOLS FORCOMPARATIVE ANATOMY VER.2.0" F. Spani1, M. Carosi1, M. Scalici1, M.P. Morigi2,3,4, M. Bettuzzi2,3,4, M. Colasanti11 Department of Sciences, Roma Tre University, Rome;2Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna,Bologna; 3Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche“Enrico Fermi”, Rome; 4Istituto Nazionale di Fisica NucleareRome, ItalyE-mail: federica.spani@uniroma3.it Treatises on comparative anatomy1,2are the evidence of howinvestigating anatomical structures have been crucial to betterknow living organisms and their interplay with the surroundingenvironment which could induce significant morphological varia-tion. Traditional anatomical dissections for exploring internalmorphology were not suitable to maintain integrity of samples.In the last few years, bio-imaging techniques paired with geomet-ric morphometrics (GM), and applied to comparative anatomystudies, overcame these limits becoming at the same time widelynon-invasive and highly descriptive. In fact, they preserved sam-ples in their whole integrity, unfolding new descriptors of formvariation previously unknown. The application field of these tech-niques ranged from 2- to 3-dimensional GM studies, coveringboth invertebrates and vertebrates. Radiological instrumentsbelonging to the family of Computed Tomography (CT) scannersdefinitively allowed to advance in the knowledge of either knownor neglected biological structures. Our implementations coveredseveral animal orders (e.g. Decapoda, Ephemeroptera Mytiloida,Macroscelidea, Primates). Here we focused on the feasibility ofthe cone-beam CT for 3D surface scanning of the mussel Mytilusgalloprovincialis(Lamarck, 1819) valves,3,4and the potential ofmicro-CT scanner in detecting and 3D characterizing virtual vol-umes of genital bones in primates (i.e., baculumin males andbaubellumin females).5These innovative practices help toengage and deepen the meaning of shape in animal biology, fromboth structural and evolutionary views. They allow to describethe relation between phylogeny and morphogenesis, identifyingall possible links between structure, function and fitness, andmechanical and ontogenetic modifications due to environmentalpressures, including anthropogenic alterations.1. Grandidier A. Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar1875, 6: 272-278.2. Hill PWC. Primates-Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy 1953-1974,vols. 1-7.3. Scalici M et al. Ecotoxicology 2017, 26: 396-404.4. Scalici M et al. Aquat Living Resour 2016, 29: 207.5. Spani F et al. Folia Primatol 2017, 88: 200.
Spani, F., Carosi, M., Scalici, M., Morigi, M.P., Bettuzzi, M., Colasanti, M. (2018). Update available: comprehensive tools for comparative anatomy ver.2.0. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HISTOCHEMISTRY, 62(1), 13-13 [10.4081/ejh.2019.2951].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/355319
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