To account for the dark-matter content in our Universe, postinflationary scenarios predict for the QCD axion a mass in the range (10-103) μeV. Searches with haloscope experiments in this mass range require the monitoring of resonant cavity modes with frequency above 5 GHz, where several experimental limitations occur due to linear amplifiers, small volumes, and low quality factors of copper resonant cavities. In this paper, we deal with the last issue, presenting the result of a search for galactic axions using a haloscope based on a 36 cm3 NbTi superconducting cavity. The cavity worked at T=4 K in a 2 T magnetic field and exhibited a quality factor Q0=4.5×105 for the TM010 mode at 9 GHz. With such values of Q, the axion signal is significantly increased with respect to copper cavity haloscopes. Operating this setup, we set the limit gaγγ<1.03×10-12 GeV-1 on the axion photon coupling for a mass of about 37 μeV. A comprehensive study of the NbTi cavity at different magnetic fields, temperatures, and frequencies is also presented.

Alesini, D., Braggio, C., Carugno, G., Crescini, N., D'Agostino, D., Di Gioacchino, D., et al. (2019). Galactic axions search with a superconducting resonant cavity. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 99(10), 101101 [10.1103/PhysRevD.99.101101].

Galactic axions search with a superconducting resonant cavity

Pompeo N.;Rettaroli A.
;
Silva E.;
2019

Abstract

To account for the dark-matter content in our Universe, postinflationary scenarios predict for the QCD axion a mass in the range (10-103) μeV. Searches with haloscope experiments in this mass range require the monitoring of resonant cavity modes with frequency above 5 GHz, where several experimental limitations occur due to linear amplifiers, small volumes, and low quality factors of copper resonant cavities. In this paper, we deal with the last issue, presenting the result of a search for galactic axions using a haloscope based on a 36 cm3 NbTi superconducting cavity. The cavity worked at T=4 K in a 2 T magnetic field and exhibited a quality factor Q0=4.5×105 for the TM010 mode at 9 GHz. With such values of Q, the axion signal is significantly increased with respect to copper cavity haloscopes. Operating this setup, we set the limit gaγγ<1.03×10-12 GeV-1 on the axion photon coupling for a mass of about 37 μeV. A comprehensive study of the NbTi cavity at different magnetic fields, temperatures, and frequencies is also presented.
Alesini, D., Braggio, C., Carugno, G., Crescini, N., D'Agostino, D., Di Gioacchino, D., et al. (2019). Galactic axions search with a superconducting resonant cavity. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 99(10), 101101 [10.1103/PhysRevD.99.101101].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/355478
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