A multiport encoder/decoder can simultaneously generate multiple PSK optical codes, and it has been effectively used in asynchronous, spectrally efficient access networks. To increase the system flexibility, as well as the number of simultaneous IoT signals, we introduce novel multi-level QAM orthogonal optical codes that are generated by the multiport encoder/decoder using optical phase modulators. The QPSK modulator simultaneously operates for data modulation and orthogonal code generation. The code orthogonality is improved, compared to conventional PSK codes, and we analyze the performance of 16-code × 10 GSymbol/s, OOK-, DPSK- and DQPSK-modulated OCDM systems, using conventional PSK and the proposed QAM codes.
Kodama, T., Cincotti, G. (2020). OCDM systems with PSK and QAM codes. OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS, 465, 125538 [10.1016/j.optcom.2020.125538].