The aim of this paper is to show to what extent a simple constitutive model can adequately describe the collapse mechanisms of historic masonry structures under horizontal seismic loads. Referring to block masonry, the paper presents the formulation and the numerical implementation of a constitutive relationship for modeling masonry structures regarded at a macroscopic scale as homogenized anisotropic continuum. The macroscopic model is shown to retain memory of the mechanical characteristics of the joints and of the shape of the blocks. The overall mechanical properties display anisotropy and singularities in the yield surface, arising from the discrete nature of the block structure and the geometrical arrangement of the units. The model is formulated in the framework of multi-surface plasticity. It is implemented in a FE code by means of a minimization algorithm directly derived from the Haar-Karman principle. A sensitivity analysis to mechanical and geometrical parameters was carried out to show the influence on the predicted response of small-scale wall components from the literature. The model is then used for the analysis of a numerical case study which is representative of a masonry church subjected to horizontal seismic action. The result of the model will be compared with those obtained by a rigid block model (RBM) of the same small-scale masonry prototypes and of the church building. In the paper, the results of the two models are discussed and analyzed in the way to highlight the weakness and the potentiality of the two different approaches.

Malena, M., Portioli, F., Gagliardo, R., Tomaselli, G., Cascini, L., de Felice, G. (2019). Collapse mechanism analysis of historic masonry structures subjected to lateral loads: A comparison between continuous and discrete models. COMPUTERS & STRUCTURES, 220, 14-31 [10.1016/j.compstruc.2019.04.005].

Collapse mechanism analysis of historic masonry structures subjected to lateral loads: A comparison between continuous and discrete models

Malena M.;Tomaselli G.;de Felice G.
2019-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to show to what extent a simple constitutive model can adequately describe the collapse mechanisms of historic masonry structures under horizontal seismic loads. Referring to block masonry, the paper presents the formulation and the numerical implementation of a constitutive relationship for modeling masonry structures regarded at a macroscopic scale as homogenized anisotropic continuum. The macroscopic model is shown to retain memory of the mechanical characteristics of the joints and of the shape of the blocks. The overall mechanical properties display anisotropy and singularities in the yield surface, arising from the discrete nature of the block structure and the geometrical arrangement of the units. The model is formulated in the framework of multi-surface plasticity. It is implemented in a FE code by means of a minimization algorithm directly derived from the Haar-Karman principle. A sensitivity analysis to mechanical and geometrical parameters was carried out to show the influence on the predicted response of small-scale wall components from the literature. The model is then used for the analysis of a numerical case study which is representative of a masonry church subjected to horizontal seismic action. The result of the model will be compared with those obtained by a rigid block model (RBM) of the same small-scale masonry prototypes and of the church building. In the paper, the results of the two models are discussed and analyzed in the way to highlight the weakness and the potentiality of the two different approaches.
Malena, M., Portioli, F., Gagliardo, R., Tomaselli, G., Cascini, L., de Felice, G. (2019). Collapse mechanism analysis of historic masonry structures subjected to lateral loads: A comparison between continuous and discrete models. COMPUTERS & STRUCTURES, 220, 14-31 [10.1016/j.compstruc.2019.04.005].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/364272
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