The present study analyzed the comprehension of visual narrative in a group of twelve children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Their performances were compared to a control group of fifteen children with typical development (TD) matched for age, level of formal education, and IQ. Visual narrative comprehension was assessed by administering a task that required children to understand narrative’s global coherence by arranging in the correct order the constituent parts of stories presented in pictures. Specifically, the task evaluated children's ability to grasp how single events connected (causally and temporally) each other and how these connections led to the ending of the story. Results showed that children with ASD obtained significantly lower scores than children with TD. These results open to alternative interpretations of narrative impairments often reported in individuals with ASD, which might not be restricted to the linguistic code but stem from a deeper deficit in narrative processing that is independent from the expressive modality.
Adornetti, I., Chiera, A., Deriu, V., Altavilla, D., Lucentini, S., Marini, A., et al. (2020). An investigation of visual narrative comprehension in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. COGNITIVE PROCESSING, 21(3), 435-447 [10.1007/s10339-020-00976-6].