Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) have been recently investigated as promising building blocks for low-cost and high-performance gas sensors due to their large effective surface-to-volume ratio and their suitability for versatile functionalization through surface chemistry. In this work we report on lead sulphide CQDs based sensors for room temperature NO2 detection. The sensor response has been measured for different pollutant gases including NO2, CH4, CO and CO2 and for different concentrations in the 2.8–100 ppm range. For the first time, the influence of the QDs film thickness on the sensor response has been investigated and optimized. Upon 30 ppm NO2 release, the best room temperature gas response is about 14 Ω/Ω, with response and recovery time of 12 s and 26 min, respectively. A detection limit of about 0.15 ppb was estimated from the slope of the sensor response and its electric noise. The gas sensors exhibit high sensitivity to NO2, remarkable selectivity, repeatability and full recovery after exposure.

Mitri, F., DE IACOVO, A., De Luca, M., Pecora &amp, , A., Colace, L. (2020). Lead sulphide colloidal quantum dots for room temperature NO2 gas sensors. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 10, 12556 [10.1038/s41598-020-69478-x].

Lead sulphide colloidal quantum dots for room temperature NO2 gas sensors

Federica Mitri;Andrea De Iacovo
;
Lorenzo Colace
2020-01-01

Abstract

Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) have been recently investigated as promising building blocks for low-cost and high-performance gas sensors due to their large effective surface-to-volume ratio and their suitability for versatile functionalization through surface chemistry. In this work we report on lead sulphide CQDs based sensors for room temperature NO2 detection. The sensor response has been measured for different pollutant gases including NO2, CH4, CO and CO2 and for different concentrations in the 2.8–100 ppm range. For the first time, the influence of the QDs film thickness on the sensor response has been investigated and optimized. Upon 30 ppm NO2 release, the best room temperature gas response is about 14 Ω/Ω, with response and recovery time of 12 s and 26 min, respectively. A detection limit of about 0.15 ppb was estimated from the slope of the sensor response and its electric noise. The gas sensors exhibit high sensitivity to NO2, remarkable selectivity, repeatability and full recovery after exposure.
Mitri, F., DE IACOVO, A., De Luca, M., Pecora &amp, , A., Colace, L. (2020). Lead sulphide colloidal quantum dots for room temperature NO2 gas sensors. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 10, 12556 [10.1038/s41598-020-69478-x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/369380
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