A set of electron-correlation energies as large as 10 eV have been measured for a magnetic 2 ML Fe film deposited on Ag(001). By exploiting the spin selectivity in angle-resolved Auger-photoelectron coincidence spectroscopy and the Cini-Sawatzky theory, the core-valence-valence Auger spectrum of a spin-polarized system have been resolved: correlation energies have been determined for each individual combination of the two holes created in the four subbands involved in the decay: majority and minority spin, as well as e(g) and t(2g). The energy difference between final states with parallel and antiparallel spin of the two emitted electrons is ascribed to the spin-flip energy for the final ion state, thus disentangling the contributions of Coulomb and exchange interactions.
Gotter, R., Verna, A., Sbroscia, M., Moroni, R., Bisio, F., Iacobucci, S., et al. (2020). Unexpectedly Large Electron Correlation Measured in Auger Spectra of Ferromagnetic Iron Thin Films: Orbital-Selected Coulomb and Exchange Contributions. PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 125(6), 067202 [10.1103/physrevlett.125.067202].