This paper focuses on the problem of parameter estimation for a Fluctuating Two-Ray (FTR) model in the context of wireless mobile communications. Precisely, the received signal is assumed to be the superposition of two dominant components (typically a direct plus a reflected path signal) in addition to diffusive secondary contributions. The signal components may be affected by random amplitude shadowing, statistically modeled by Nakagami-m distribution, multiplied by unknown scaling factors with random uniform independent phases, whereas the diffusive component is assumed to follow the complex Gaussian distribution. Exploiting the method of moments, a 4 imes 4 nonlinear system is herein mathematically derived, which is very hard to be solved due to the strong nonlinearity. Therefore, a sequential procedure based on some prior information about the diffusive component power level is devised to solve it. The effectiveness of the proposed estimation technique is shown by evaluating the normalized root mean square errors as well as mean errors and standard deviations in several operating conditions of practical interest also considering the limit case of only one-ray in order to compare the proposed approach to simpler estimators, already presented in the literature. The results show the robustness of the new estimator even under a multipath model mismatch. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed estimation procedure is confirmed through measured mmWave data.
Shi, B., Pallotta, L., Giunta, G., Hao, C., Orlando, D. (2020). Parameter Estimation of Fluctuating Two-Ray Model for Next Generation Mobile Communications. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, 69(8), 8684-8697 [10.1109/TVT.2020.2999549].