The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of a single partial-body cryotherapy (PBC) session on the maximum handgrip strength (JAMAR Hydraulic Hand dynamometer). Two hundred healthy adults were randomized into a PBC group and a control group (50 men and 50 women in each group). After the initial handgrip strength test (T0), the experimental group performed a 150-second session of PBC (temperature range between -130 and 2160 degrees C), whereas the control group stayed in a thermo neutral room (22.0 +/- 0.5 degrees C). Immediately after, both groups performed another handgrip strength test (T1). Data underlined that both groups showed an increase in handgrip strength values, especially the experimental group (Control: T0 = 39.48 kg, T1 = 40.01 kg; PBC: T0 = 39.61 kg, T1 = 41.34 kg). The analysis also reported a statistical effect related to gender (F = 491.99, P <= 0.05), with women showing lower handgrip strength values compared with men (women = 30.43 kg, men = 52.27 kg). Findings provide the first evidence that a single session of PBC leads to the improvement of muscle strength in healthy people. The results of the study imply that PBC could be performed also before a training session or a sport competition, to increase hand isometric strength.
De Nardi, M., Pizzigalli, L., Benis, R., Caffaro, F., Micheletti Cremasco, M. (2017). ACUTE EFFECTS OF PARTIAL-BODY CRYOTHERAPY ON ISOMETRIC STRENGTH: MAXIMUM HANDGRIP STRENGTH EVALUATION. JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 31(12), 3497-3502.