The Eocene-Miocene Mianeh-Hashtroud igneous district in NW Iran is part of the Turkish–Caucasus–Iranian collision zone, a key region to decipher the assembly and differentiation of Gondwana-derived terranes along the Alpine-Himalayan convergence zone. Major inherited tectonic structures control in space and time the Mesozoic-Cenozoic transition from oceanic subduction to continental collision in the region. The geology of the study area is dominated by a polyphase, long-lived magmatic activity, spanning from ~45 to ~6 Ma. The igneous products are subalkaline to alkaline, with intermediate to acid compositions and a high-K calcalkaline to shoshonitic affinity. Evidence of crustal contamination is attested by inherited zircons in the oldest (Eocene-Oligocene) samples, with ages spanning from Neo-Archean to Paleocene. The Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of the Eocene-Oligocene samples plot close to the Bulk Silicate Earth estimate, whereas the Miocene samples document stronger crustal contamination. The lack of correlation between Nd-Sr isotopes and SiO2 supports a scenario of magma differentiation of different magma batches rather than crustal contamination. Major oxide and Sr-Nd isotopic variation lead us to suggest that magmatism is the consequence of re-melting of earlier underplated (Mesozoic-Tertiary) magmatic products, controlled by amphibole-dominated fractionation processes. Regional scale correlations show long-lived Cenozoic magmatism in NW Iran and Caucasus region, where the main porphyry and epithermal deposits occur. We propose that the Cenozoic collisional magmatism and the associated mineralisation at the junction between NW-Iran and Caucasus was controlled by the activity of a major, lithosphere-scale inherited boundary, transverse to the convergence zone. In such a geodynamic setting, the along-strike segmentation of the lithosphere slab generated asthenospheric melts, their upwelling into the metasomatised supra-subduction mantle wedge and the potential activation of different mantle and crustal sources, with consequent mineral endowment in the region.

Rabiee, A., Rossetti, F., Asahara, Y., Azizi, H., Lucci, F., Lustrino, M., et al. (2020). Long-lived, Eocene-Miocene stationary magmatism in NW Iran along a transform plate boundary. GONDWANA RESEARCH, 85, 237-262 [10.1016/j.gr.2020.03.014].

Long-lived, Eocene-Miocene stationary magmatism in NW Iran along a transform plate boundary

Rabiee A.;Rossetti F.
;
Lucci F.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The Eocene-Miocene Mianeh-Hashtroud igneous district in NW Iran is part of the Turkish–Caucasus–Iranian collision zone, a key region to decipher the assembly and differentiation of Gondwana-derived terranes along the Alpine-Himalayan convergence zone. Major inherited tectonic structures control in space and time the Mesozoic-Cenozoic transition from oceanic subduction to continental collision in the region. The geology of the study area is dominated by a polyphase, long-lived magmatic activity, spanning from ~45 to ~6 Ma. The igneous products are subalkaline to alkaline, with intermediate to acid compositions and a high-K calcalkaline to shoshonitic affinity. Evidence of crustal contamination is attested by inherited zircons in the oldest (Eocene-Oligocene) samples, with ages spanning from Neo-Archean to Paleocene. The Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of the Eocene-Oligocene samples plot close to the Bulk Silicate Earth estimate, whereas the Miocene samples document stronger crustal contamination. The lack of correlation between Nd-Sr isotopes and SiO2 supports a scenario of magma differentiation of different magma batches rather than crustal contamination. Major oxide and Sr-Nd isotopic variation lead us to suggest that magmatism is the consequence of re-melting of earlier underplated (Mesozoic-Tertiary) magmatic products, controlled by amphibole-dominated fractionation processes. Regional scale correlations show long-lived Cenozoic magmatism in NW Iran and Caucasus region, where the main porphyry and epithermal deposits occur. We propose that the Cenozoic collisional magmatism and the associated mineralisation at the junction between NW-Iran and Caucasus was controlled by the activity of a major, lithosphere-scale inherited boundary, transverse to the convergence zone. In such a geodynamic setting, the along-strike segmentation of the lithosphere slab generated asthenospheric melts, their upwelling into the metasomatised supra-subduction mantle wedge and the potential activation of different mantle and crustal sources, with consequent mineral endowment in the region.
Rabiee, A., Rossetti, F., Asahara, Y., Azizi, H., Lucci, F., Lustrino, M., et al. (2020). Long-lived, Eocene-Miocene stationary magmatism in NW Iran along a transform plate boundary. GONDWANA RESEARCH, 85, 237-262 [10.1016/j.gr.2020.03.014].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/376482
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