The efficacy of low-impact development (LID) toward the attenuation of urban flood at the catchment scale is still an unsolved question. This work aims at providing insight into the effectiveness of LID at the catchment scale by a simple hydrological modeling approach that allows for an analytical solution. The paper focuses on LID design, investigating the peak discharge at the catchment outlet as a function of the return period of the rainfall event under unaltered and retrofitted conditions. The model captures the most important effects of LID on flood, that is, the temporal shift and attenuation of water discharge and the decrease of water volume conveyed by the drainage network due to increased hydrological losses. It is found that LID is likely more effective in reducing peak discharge at the local scale, while the effectiveness decreases with increasing catchment size. For some configurations, for example, when retrofit is performed in downstream areas, closer to the outlet, LID may even worsen the flood risk. The effectiveness of LID depends on the combination of several factors, including the fractional area covered by the LID infrastructures, their distribution within the catchment, and their hydraulic properties, as compared with the general hydraulic features of the catchment (network dispersion, detention, lag time, etc.). As a consequence, the LID design should be carried out considering all the relevant scales of the problem, from the local one, at which the LID infrastructure is implemented, to the catchment scale, and the discharge at the outlet in particular, in a comprehensive perspective.

Fiori, A., Volpi, E. (2020). On the Effectiveness of LID Infrastructures for the Attenuation of Urban Flooding at the Catchment Scale. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, 56(5) [10.1029/2020WR027121].

On the Effectiveness of LID Infrastructures for the Attenuation of Urban Flooding at the Catchment Scale

Fiori A.
;
Volpi E.
2020-01-01

Abstract

The efficacy of low-impact development (LID) toward the attenuation of urban flood at the catchment scale is still an unsolved question. This work aims at providing insight into the effectiveness of LID at the catchment scale by a simple hydrological modeling approach that allows for an analytical solution. The paper focuses on LID design, investigating the peak discharge at the catchment outlet as a function of the return period of the rainfall event under unaltered and retrofitted conditions. The model captures the most important effects of LID on flood, that is, the temporal shift and attenuation of water discharge and the decrease of water volume conveyed by the drainage network due to increased hydrological losses. It is found that LID is likely more effective in reducing peak discharge at the local scale, while the effectiveness decreases with increasing catchment size. For some configurations, for example, when retrofit is performed in downstream areas, closer to the outlet, LID may even worsen the flood risk. The effectiveness of LID depends on the combination of several factors, including the fractional area covered by the LID infrastructures, their distribution within the catchment, and their hydraulic properties, as compared with the general hydraulic features of the catchment (network dispersion, detention, lag time, etc.). As a consequence, the LID design should be carried out considering all the relevant scales of the problem, from the local one, at which the LID infrastructure is implemented, to the catchment scale, and the discharge at the outlet in particular, in a comprehensive perspective.
2020
Fiori, A., Volpi, E. (2020). On the Effectiveness of LID Infrastructures for the Attenuation of Urban Flooding at the Catchment Scale. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, 56(5) [10.1029/2020WR027121].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/377092
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