Growing evidence suggests that theory of mind (ToM) and episodic future thinking (EFT) are closely related at both brain and functional level. This study explored the relationship between ToM and EFT in 96 Italian-speaking children with typical development aged between 8 and 10.11 using a behavioral design. ToM was assessed through an emotional facial expression recognition task. EFT was assessed with a task where participants were required to project themselves forward in time by anticipating future states of the self; this resulted in two scores: a nonverbal measure and a verbal explanation measure. Results showed that the participants’ performance on the task assessing ToM correlated with and predicted the nonverbal measure of the EFT task. These findings are discussed in the light of theories suggesting that each of these abilities is governed by a common system devoted to self-projection

Adornetti, I., Chiera, A., Altavilla, D., Deriu, V., Marini, A., Valeri, G., et al. (2021). Self-projection in middle childhood: a study on the relationship between theory of mind and episodic future thinking. COGNITIVE PROCESSING, 22, 321-332 [10.1007/s10339-021-01013-w].

Self-projection in middle childhood: a study on the relationship between theory of mind and episodic future thinking

Ines Adornetti
;
Alessandra Chiera;Daniela Altavilla;Francesco Ferretti
2021-01-01

Abstract

Growing evidence suggests that theory of mind (ToM) and episodic future thinking (EFT) are closely related at both brain and functional level. This study explored the relationship between ToM and EFT in 96 Italian-speaking children with typical development aged between 8 and 10.11 using a behavioral design. ToM was assessed through an emotional facial expression recognition task. EFT was assessed with a task where participants were required to project themselves forward in time by anticipating future states of the self; this resulted in two scores: a nonverbal measure and a verbal explanation measure. Results showed that the participants’ performance on the task assessing ToM correlated with and predicted the nonverbal measure of the EFT task. These findings are discussed in the light of theories suggesting that each of these abilities is governed by a common system devoted to self-projection
Adornetti, I., Chiera, A., Altavilla, D., Deriu, V., Marini, A., Valeri, G., et al. (2021). Self-projection in middle childhood: a study on the relationship between theory of mind and episodic future thinking. COGNITIVE PROCESSING, 22, 321-332 [10.1007/s10339-021-01013-w].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/379335
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