The Political Legislation Cycle theory predicts a peak of legislative production in the preelectoral period, when legislators focus on voters’ welfare to be reelected. This paper verifies the theory on South Korean legislative production (1948-2016) and it is the first test of the theory in a country undergoing a process of democratization, thus providing evidence relevant also for the conditional political cycles literature. Two insofar untested hypotheses are verified: 1) peaks of legislative production should increase with the degree of democracy; 2) as the party system and the mechanisms of legislative checks and balances develop, the PLC should become more evident in bills of legislative rather than executive’s initiative. A hurdle model estimated on both laws of parliamentary proposal and of government assignment lends empirical support to both hypotheses, with the noticeable feature that PLC in Korea appear more in the form of an upward trend than of pre-electoral peaks.

Lagona, F., Padovano, F. (2021). How does legislative behavior change when the country becomes democratic? The case of South Korea. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 69 [10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2021.102026].

How does legislative behavior change when the country becomes democratic? The case of South Korea

francesco lagona;fabio padovano
2021-01-01

Abstract

The Political Legislation Cycle theory predicts a peak of legislative production in the preelectoral period, when legislators focus on voters’ welfare to be reelected. This paper verifies the theory on South Korean legislative production (1948-2016) and it is the first test of the theory in a country undergoing a process of democratization, thus providing evidence relevant also for the conditional political cycles literature. Two insofar untested hypotheses are verified: 1) peaks of legislative production should increase with the degree of democracy; 2) as the party system and the mechanisms of legislative checks and balances develop, the PLC should become more evident in bills of legislative rather than executive’s initiative. A hurdle model estimated on both laws of parliamentary proposal and of government assignment lends empirical support to both hypotheses, with the noticeable feature that PLC in Korea appear more in the form of an upward trend than of pre-electoral peaks.
Lagona, F., Padovano, F. (2021). How does legislative behavior change when the country becomes democratic? The case of South Korea. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 69 [10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2021.102026].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/384840
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