The aim of this Communication is to investigate and demonstrate the possibility to overcome the fundamental limitations of mantle cloaking for antennas by exploiting non-linear metasurfaces. First, we recap and give additional physical insights about the fundamental bounds that apply to the electric properties of an antenna that is made invisible at its own resonance frequency. Then, an innovative strategy is proposed to circumvent these limits through the introduction of non-linear elements that are able to dynamically transform the geometry of the cloaking metasurface depending on the power level of the impinging field. Different non-linear designs are discussed, and their effectiveness is assessed through the relevant benchmark example of a half-wavelength dipole antenna able to efficiently transmit high-power signals while being invisible to low power ones. In addition, the capability of such non-linear mantle cloaks to enable the shaping of the radiation pattern of an antenna array depending on the power level of the received/transmitted signal is demonstrated. These innovative cloaking devices may find applications in different radiating systems enabling unprecedented functionalities.
Vellucci, S., Monti, A., Barbuto, M., Oliveri, G., Salucci, M., Toscano, A., et al. (2021). On the use of non-linear metasurfaces for circumventing fundamental limits of mantle cloaking for antennas. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, 69, 5048-5053 [10.1109/TAP.2021.3061010].