Back-arc regions are usually punctuated by pulses of tectonic deformation, lasting for few tens of millions of years. Yet, the origin of those short-lived deformation episodes is disputed. Here, we compile structural, stratigraphic, geochemical, and geochronological data from Iran and we combine them with a kinematic reconstruction to show that the back-arc region of the Central Neotethys subduction zone was affected by alternating pulses of extension and compression, linked to episodes of trench retreat and advance, respectively. To back-up these observations and investigate the causes of such a trench behavior, we run 2D numerical models exploring (i) the dynamics of subduction into a viscously stratified mantle, and (ii) the deep slab deformation induced by mineral phase changes at the mantle transition zone. Our results indicate that episodes of trench retreat and trench advance, like those observed in the Central Neotethys domain, emerge spontaneously by slab folding, and penetration into the mantle transition zone. We propose a coupled mantle-surface tectonic evolution model of the Central Neotethys slab that reconciles back-arc deformation and short-lived pulses of upper-plate vertical motion in a unique, dynamically self-consistent model of deep mantle subduction.

Boutoux, A., Briaud, A., Faccenna, C., Ballato, P., Rossetti, F., & Blanc, E. (2021). Slab Folding and Surface Deformation of the Iran Mobile Belt. TECTONICS, 40(6) [10.1029/2020TC006300].

Slab Folding and Surface Deformation of the Iran Mobile Belt

Boutoux A.;Briaud A.;Faccenna C.
;
Ballato P.;Rossetti F.;
2021

Abstract

Back-arc regions are usually punctuated by pulses of tectonic deformation, lasting for few tens of millions of years. Yet, the origin of those short-lived deformation episodes is disputed. Here, we compile structural, stratigraphic, geochemical, and geochronological data from Iran and we combine them with a kinematic reconstruction to show that the back-arc region of the Central Neotethys subduction zone was affected by alternating pulses of extension and compression, linked to episodes of trench retreat and advance, respectively. To back-up these observations and investigate the causes of such a trench behavior, we run 2D numerical models exploring (i) the dynamics of subduction into a viscously stratified mantle, and (ii) the deep slab deformation induced by mineral phase changes at the mantle transition zone. Our results indicate that episodes of trench retreat and trench advance, like those observed in the Central Neotethys domain, emerge spontaneously by slab folding, and penetration into the mantle transition zone. We propose a coupled mantle-surface tectonic evolution model of the Central Neotethys slab that reconciles back-arc deformation and short-lived pulses of upper-plate vertical motion in a unique, dynamically self-consistent model of deep mantle subduction.
Boutoux, A., Briaud, A., Faccenna, C., Ballato, P., Rossetti, F., & Blanc, E. (2021). Slab Folding and Surface Deformation of the Iran Mobile Belt. TECTONICS, 40(6) [10.1029/2020TC006300].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/389981
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