Starting from the Martian environment, we examine all the necessary requirements for a UAV and outline the architecture of a gyroplane optimized for scientific research and support for (future) Mars explorers, highlighting its advantages and criticalities. After a careful trade-off between different vehicles suitable for a typical mission, some parameters are established to optimize the size and performance. In the second part, the project of the Spider gyroplane and the methodolog used to balance the longitudinal masses are presented; in the third part, the parameters of the aerodynamic forces acting on the aircraft are highlighted to be able to focus them during the fluid dynamics simulations.
Petritoli, E., Leccese, F. (2021). Unmanned autogyro for mars exploration: A preliminary study. DRONES, 5(2), 53 [10.3390/drones5020053].