This event-related potentials (ERPs) study investigated on-line processes of integration of information relating to characters in narrative comprehension. The final sample included twenty-nine participants who read short third-person stories in which the plausibility of the characters’ actions was manipulated. Stories were administered in three conditions: a character-based congruent condition including a target word that was consistent with the character’s job; a character-based incongruent condition with a target word inconsistent with the character’s job; a character-based neutral condition, narrating the action of a character presented by his/her proper name without information about his/her job. Results comparing the ERPs elicited by the experimental conditions revealed a greater negative amplitude of the N400 in the right temporal regions in response to the character-based incongruent compared to the character-based congruent narratives. This finding shows that implicit background character-based information affects the N400, with readers rapidly using this information to comprehend narratives.

Chiera, A., Adornetti, I., Altavilla, D., Acciai, A., Cosentino, E., Deriu, V., et al. (2022). Does the Character-Based Dimension of Stories Impact Narrative Processing? An Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) study. COGNITIVE PROCESSING, 1-13 [10.1007/s10339-021-01070-1].

Does the Character-Based Dimension of Stories Impact Narrative Processing? An Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) study

Alessandra Chiera
;
Ines Adornetti;Daniela Altavilla;Alessandro Acciai;Valentina Deriu;Francesco Ferretti
2022-01-01

Abstract

This event-related potentials (ERPs) study investigated on-line processes of integration of information relating to characters in narrative comprehension. The final sample included twenty-nine participants who read short third-person stories in which the plausibility of the characters’ actions was manipulated. Stories were administered in three conditions: a character-based congruent condition including a target word that was consistent with the character’s job; a character-based incongruent condition with a target word inconsistent with the character’s job; a character-based neutral condition, narrating the action of a character presented by his/her proper name without information about his/her job. Results comparing the ERPs elicited by the experimental conditions revealed a greater negative amplitude of the N400 in the right temporal regions in response to the character-based incongruent compared to the character-based congruent narratives. This finding shows that implicit background character-based information affects the N400, with readers rapidly using this information to comprehend narratives.
Chiera, A., Adornetti, I., Altavilla, D., Acciai, A., Cosentino, E., Deriu, V., et al. (2022). Does the Character-Based Dimension of Stories Impact Narrative Processing? An Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) study. COGNITIVE PROCESSING, 1-13 [10.1007/s10339-021-01070-1].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/394882
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