Powered-two-wheelers (PTWs) are increasingly popular because of their lower cost compared to cars, and therefore the riders' exposure risk is increasing. Due to their complex dynamics characterized by high non-linearity and inherent instability, PTWs are more difficult to control compared to four-wheeled vehicles. Wobble is a high-frequency instability mode affecting the steering assembly of the PTW, and which often causes the rider to lose control and crash when it occurs. In this paper, we present the design of a new motorcycle semi-active steering damper integrated into the steering column and utilizing a magnetorheological fluid (MRF) for variable damping torque. An analytical model of the concept was first used to perform the preliminary sizing, followed by concept validation using a 3D FE multiphysics magnetic-fluid analysis. The final innovative design offers several advantages compared to traditional steering dampers: (i) a wide range of adjustable damping torque values, with a multiplication factor up to 10 with a maximum electrical current of 2 A; (ii) total integration into the motorcycle steering column enabled by its axial design and limited radius; (iii) a simple chamber geometry that allows for easy manufacture; (iv) longer seal life due to the absence of direct contact between seals and the MRF.

Piantini, S., Giorgetti, A., Baldanzini, N., Monti, C., Pierini, M. (2020). Design of a motorcycle steering damper for a safer ride. MACHINES, 8(2), 24 [10.3390/MACHINES8020024].

Design of a motorcycle steering damper for a safer ride

Giorgetti A.
Methodology
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Powered-two-wheelers (PTWs) are increasingly popular because of their lower cost compared to cars, and therefore the riders' exposure risk is increasing. Due to their complex dynamics characterized by high non-linearity and inherent instability, PTWs are more difficult to control compared to four-wheeled vehicles. Wobble is a high-frequency instability mode affecting the steering assembly of the PTW, and which often causes the rider to lose control and crash when it occurs. In this paper, we present the design of a new motorcycle semi-active steering damper integrated into the steering column and utilizing a magnetorheological fluid (MRF) for variable damping torque. An analytical model of the concept was first used to perform the preliminary sizing, followed by concept validation using a 3D FE multiphysics magnetic-fluid analysis. The final innovative design offers several advantages compared to traditional steering dampers: (i) a wide range of adjustable damping torque values, with a multiplication factor up to 10 with a maximum electrical current of 2 A; (ii) total integration into the motorcycle steering column enabled by its axial design and limited radius; (iii) a simple chamber geometry that allows for easy manufacture; (iv) longer seal life due to the absence of direct contact between seals and the MRF.
Piantini, S., Giorgetti, A., Baldanzini, N., Monti, C., Pierini, M. (2020). Design of a motorcycle steering damper for a safer ride. MACHINES, 8(2), 24 [10.3390/MACHINES8020024].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/395019
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