The Castelnuovo village is placed on a small NW-SE trending ridge, approximately 60 m higher than the valley floor, occupying a portion of the larger continental L'Aquila Basin (Central Italy). During the April 6, 2009 L'Aquila earthquake (Mw 6.3), the village suffered heavy damage. Several studies investigated the local seismic amplification of the Castelnuovo area employing geotechnical, geophysical, and geological surveys, together with 1D, 2D and 3D numerical models. However, all these studies relied on shallow geotechnical and geophysical surveys, which do not reach the engineering bedrock and do not constrain the presence of an impedance contrast at depth. To date, no detailed study has been carried out to assess the depth of the engineering bedrock. In this work, we fill this gap by executing two deep boreholes reaching the engineering bedrock, tied with an extensive campaign of microtremor measurements all over the Castelnuovo ridge and the surrounding plain. The interpretation of such new data, together with analytical, numerical, and geostatistical techniques, demonstrates that local seismic amplification is linked to a strong impedance contrast at more than 200-m depth beneath the Castelnuovo village associated with the lithological transition between clayey silts and breccias. Such results differ from those provided by previous studies, where such impedance contrast was considered shallower, and represent a milestone for assessing the local seismic hazard of the area.
Spadi, M., Tallini, M., Albano, M., Cosentino, D., Nocentini, M., Saroli, M. (2022). New insights on bedrock morphology and local seismic amplification of the Castelnuovo village (L'Aquila Basin, Central Italy). ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, 297, 106506 [10.1016/j.enggeo.2021.106506].