The dissociation and ionization dynamics of CF3I and CH3I molecules were investigated using a pump-and-probe technique that employs a soft x-ray free-electron laser (SACLA) in Japan. First, time-resolved inner-shell photoelectron spectroscopy was employed to observe the ultrafast reaction of CF3I by monitoring iodine 4d electrons. The change in the I 4d state observed in the photoelectron spectra is found to occur with a rise time τ of approximately 40 fs after a pump laser pulse, which is faster than that observed when an ultrafast gas-phase electron diffraction technique is employed. This implies that the inner-shell photoelectron spectroscopy is more sensitive to the potential surface near the Franck–Condon region. Second, a strong laser intensity at 266 nm, corresponding to a power density of 1.9 × 1014 W cm−2, can easily ionize CH3I molecules via multiphoton ionization processes, and the time dependence of the valence photoelectron spectra clearly shows that at the picosecond timescale, this pump laser pulse causes spectral peaks to shift owing to space-charge effects in response to the large amount of ions generated. Thus, the SACLA can be a useful tool to investigate not only the dynamical process of molecular dissociation but also the ionization process through the shift in the peaks of photoelectron spectra.

Gejo, T., Nishie, T., Nagayasu, T., Tanaka, K., Tanaka, Y., Niozu, A., et al. (2021). Dissociation and ionization dynamics of CF3I and CH3I molecules via pump-and-probe experiments using soft x-ray free-electron laser. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. B, ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS, 54(14), 144004 [10.1088/1361-6455/abcd20].

Dissociation and ionization dynamics of CF3I and CH3I molecules via pump-and-probe experiments using soft x-ray free-electron laser

Verna A.;
2021

Abstract

The dissociation and ionization dynamics of CF3I and CH3I molecules were investigated using a pump-and-probe technique that employs a soft x-ray free-electron laser (SACLA) in Japan. First, time-resolved inner-shell photoelectron spectroscopy was employed to observe the ultrafast reaction of CF3I by monitoring iodine 4d electrons. The change in the I 4d state observed in the photoelectron spectra is found to occur with a rise time τ of approximately 40 fs after a pump laser pulse, which is faster than that observed when an ultrafast gas-phase electron diffraction technique is employed. This implies that the inner-shell photoelectron spectroscopy is more sensitive to the potential surface near the Franck–Condon region. Second, a strong laser intensity at 266 nm, corresponding to a power density of 1.9 × 1014 W cm−2, can easily ionize CH3I molecules via multiphoton ionization processes, and the time dependence of the valence photoelectron spectra clearly shows that at the picosecond timescale, this pump laser pulse causes spectral peaks to shift owing to space-charge effects in response to the large amount of ions generated. Thus, the SACLA can be a useful tool to investigate not only the dynamical process of molecular dissociation but also the ionization process through the shift in the peaks of photoelectron spectra.
Gejo, T., Nishie, T., Nagayasu, T., Tanaka, K., Tanaka, Y., Niozu, A., et al. (2021). Dissociation and ionization dynamics of CF3I and CH3I molecules via pump-and-probe experiments using soft x-ray free-electron laser. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. B, ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS, 54(14), 144004 [10.1088/1361-6455/abcd20].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/397060
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