Scattering phenomena affect light propagation through any kind of medium from free space to biological tissues. Finding appropriate strategies to increase the robustness to scattering is the common requirement in developing both communication protocols and imaging systems. Recently, structured light has attracted attention due to its seeming scattering resistance in terms of transmissivity and spatial behavior. Moreover, correlation between optical polarization and orbital angular momentum (OAM), which characterizes the so-called vector vortex beams (VVBs) states, seems to allow for the preservation of the polarization pattern. We extend the analysis by investigating both the spatial features and the polarization structure of vectorial optical vortexes propagating in scattering media with different concentrations. Among the observed features, we find a sudden swift decrease in contrast ratio for Gaussian, OAM, and VVB modes for concentrations of the adopted scattering media exceeding 0.09%. Our analysis provides a more general and complete study on the propagation of structured light in dispersive and scattering media.

Gianani, I., Suprano, A., Giordani, T., Spagnolo, N., Sciarrino, F., Gorpas, D., et al. (2020). Transmission of vector vortex beams in dispersive media. ADVANCED PHOTONICS, 2(3), 1 [10.1117/1.AP.2.3.036003].

Transmission of vector vortex beams in dispersive media

Gianani I.;
2020

Abstract

Scattering phenomena affect light propagation through any kind of medium from free space to biological tissues. Finding appropriate strategies to increase the robustness to scattering is the common requirement in developing both communication protocols and imaging systems. Recently, structured light has attracted attention due to its seeming scattering resistance in terms of transmissivity and spatial behavior. Moreover, correlation between optical polarization and orbital angular momentum (OAM), which characterizes the so-called vector vortex beams (VVBs) states, seems to allow for the preservation of the polarization pattern. We extend the analysis by investigating both the spatial features and the polarization structure of vectorial optical vortexes propagating in scattering media with different concentrations. Among the observed features, we find a sudden swift decrease in contrast ratio for Gaussian, OAM, and VVB modes for concentrations of the adopted scattering media exceeding 0.09%. Our analysis provides a more general and complete study on the propagation of structured light in dispersive and scattering media.
Gianani, I., Suprano, A., Giordani, T., Spagnolo, N., Sciarrino, F., Gorpas, D., et al. (2020). Transmission of vector vortex beams in dispersive media. ADVANCED PHOTONICS, 2(3), 1 [10.1117/1.AP.2.3.036003].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/397657
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