Abstract: This review is devoted to discussing recent progress on the structure, thermodynamic, reactivity, and dynamics of water and aqueous systems confined within different types of nanopores, synthetic and biological. Currently, this is a branch of water science that has attracted enormous attention of researchers from different fields interested to extend the understanding of the anomalous properties of bulk water to the nanoscopic domain. From a fundamental perspective, the interactions of water and solutes with a confining surface dramatically modify the liquid’s structure and, consequently, both its thermodynamical and dynamical behaviors, breaking the validity of the classical thermodynamic and phenomenological description of the transport properties of aqueous systems. Additionally, man-made nanopores and porous materials have emerged as promising solutions to challenging problems such as water purification, biosensing, nanofluidic logic and gating, and energy storage and conversion, while aquaporin, ion channels, and nuclear pore complex nanopores regulate many biological functions such as the conduction of water, the generation of action potentials, and the storage of genetic material. In this work, the more recent experimental and molecular simulations advances in this exciting and rapidly evolving field will be reported and critically discussed. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Corti, H.R., Appignanesi, G.A., Barbosa, M.C., Bordin, J.R., Calero, C., Camisasca, G., et al. (2021). Structure and dynamics of nanoconfined water and aqueous solutions. THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. E, SOFT MATTER, 44(11), 136 [10.1140/epje/s10189-021-00136-4].