Anomalously bright basal reflections detected by MARSIS at Ultimi Scopuli have been interpreted to indicate the presence of water-saturated materials or ponded liquid water at the base of the South Polar Layered Deposits (SPLD). Because conventional models assume basal temperatures (≤200 K) much lower than the melting point of water, this interpretation has been questioned and other explanations for the source of the bright basal reflections have been proposed, involving clay, hydrated salts, and saline ices. Combining previous published data, simulations, and new laboratory measurements, we demonstrate that the dielectric properties of these materials do not generate strong basal reflections at MARSIS frequencies and Martian temperatures. Plausible candidates remain perchlorates and chlorides brines that exhibit a strong dielectric response at much lower temperatures than other materials. This explanation might require that metastability could be maintained for a long period of time on a geological scale.

Mattei, E., Pettinelli, E., Lauro, S.E., Stillman, D.E., Cosciotti, B., Marinangeli, L., et al. (2022). Assessing the role of clay and salts on the origin of MARSIS basal bright reflections. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 579, 117370 [10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117370].

Assessing the role of clay and salts on the origin of MARSIS basal bright reflections

Mattei E.;Pettinelli E.
;
Lauro S. E.;Cosciotti B.;
2022

Abstract

Anomalously bright basal reflections detected by MARSIS at Ultimi Scopuli have been interpreted to indicate the presence of water-saturated materials or ponded liquid water at the base of the South Polar Layered Deposits (SPLD). Because conventional models assume basal temperatures (≤200 K) much lower than the melting point of water, this interpretation has been questioned and other explanations for the source of the bright basal reflections have been proposed, involving clay, hydrated salts, and saline ices. Combining previous published data, simulations, and new laboratory measurements, we demonstrate that the dielectric properties of these materials do not generate strong basal reflections at MARSIS frequencies and Martian temperatures. Plausible candidates remain perchlorates and chlorides brines that exhibit a strong dielectric response at much lower temperatures than other materials. This explanation might require that metastability could be maintained for a long period of time on a geological scale.
Mattei, E., Pettinelli, E., Lauro, S.E., Stillman, D.E., Cosciotti, B., Marinangeli, L., et al. (2022). Assessing the role of clay and salts on the origin of MARSIS basal bright reflections. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 579, 117370 [10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117370].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/398940
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