Modelling regional-scale attenuation of seismic waves at ~1 Hz is challenging, especially when these waves propagate across both continental and oceanic crust. Recent developments in seismic imaging and modelling have provided us with the computational tools necessary to reconstruct these mixed settings using deterministic (coherent) and stochastic (coda) information. Here, we present new tomographic maps of coda-attenuation for both the Italian peninsula and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Kernel-based coda attenuation imaging in the diffusive approximation is tested in the oceanic environment, highlighting a non-diffusive behaviour across the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea. Joint deterministic and Radiative Transfer forward modelling of coherent and scattered waves (Radiative3D) is then performed for the portion of this area showing the lowest coda attenuation. The corresponding parametric study shows that coda attenuation is an efficient marker of variations of Moho depths and crustal reverberations, such as those we observe in a transitional area (characterized by continental crust and thicker Moho) between two oceanic basins (Vavilov and Marsili). Diffusive tomographic imaging informed by Radiative3D modelling reconstructs high-attenuation patterns along the Italian peninsula in agreement with the thick sediments cover across the Po Plain and the Adriatic coast and the magmatic systems in the Central Campanian province. A combined approach of coda-attenuation imaging and modelling can constrain Moho depth and spatial variations of seismic attenuation at regional scale and in mixed continental-oceanic settings.

Nardoni, C., De Siena, L., Cammarano, F., Magrini, F., & Mattei, E. (2021). Modelling regional-scale attenuation across Italy and the Tyrrhenian Sea. PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS, 318, 106764 [10.1016/j.pepi.2021.106764].

Modelling regional-scale attenuation across Italy and the Tyrrhenian Sea

Nardoni C.;Cammarano F.;Magrini F.;Mattei E.
2021

Abstract

Modelling regional-scale attenuation of seismic waves at ~1 Hz is challenging, especially when these waves propagate across both continental and oceanic crust. Recent developments in seismic imaging and modelling have provided us with the computational tools necessary to reconstruct these mixed settings using deterministic (coherent) and stochastic (coda) information. Here, we present new tomographic maps of coda-attenuation for both the Italian peninsula and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Kernel-based coda attenuation imaging in the diffusive approximation is tested in the oceanic environment, highlighting a non-diffusive behaviour across the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea. Joint deterministic and Radiative Transfer forward modelling of coherent and scattered waves (Radiative3D) is then performed for the portion of this area showing the lowest coda attenuation. The corresponding parametric study shows that coda attenuation is an efficient marker of variations of Moho depths and crustal reverberations, such as those we observe in a transitional area (characterized by continental crust and thicker Moho) between two oceanic basins (Vavilov and Marsili). Diffusive tomographic imaging informed by Radiative3D modelling reconstructs high-attenuation patterns along the Italian peninsula in agreement with the thick sediments cover across the Po Plain and the Adriatic coast and the magmatic systems in the Central Campanian province. A combined approach of coda-attenuation imaging and modelling can constrain Moho depth and spatial variations of seismic attenuation at regional scale and in mixed continental-oceanic settings.
Nardoni, C., De Siena, L., Cammarano, F., Magrini, F., & Mattei, E. (2021). Modelling regional-scale attenuation across Italy and the Tyrrhenian Sea. PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS, 318, 106764 [10.1016/j.pepi.2021.106764].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/399179
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