Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is mainly a respiratory tract disease and acute respiratory failure with diffuse microvascular pulmonary thrombosis are critical aspects of the morbidity and mortality of this new syndrome. Purpose: The aim of our study was to investigate, in severe COVID-19 hospitalized patients, the P-selectin plasma concentration as a biomarker of endothelial dysfunction and platelet activation. Methods: 46 patients with severe or critical SARS-CoV-2 infection were included in the study. Age-matched patients then were divided in those requiring admission to the intensive care unit (ICU, ICU cases) vs those not requiring ICU hospitalization (non-ICU cases). Blood samples of severe COVID-19 patients were collected at the time of hospital admission. The quantification of soluble P-selectin was performed by ELI, assay. Results: Our study showed a higher P-selectin plasma concentration in patients with Covid-19, regardless of ICU admission, compared to the normal reference values and compared to ten contextually sampled healthy donors (HD); (COVID-19): median 65.2 (IQRs: 45.1-81.1) vs. HD: 40.3 (IQRs: 24.3-48.7), p=0023. Moreover, results showed a significant reduction of P-sele din after platelets removal in HD, in contrast, both ICU and non-ICU COVID-19 patients showed similar high levels of P-selectin with and without platelets. Conclusion: Elevation of P-selectin suggests a central role of platelet endothelium interaction as part of the multifaced pathogenic mechanism of COVID-19 leading to the local activation of hemostatic system forming pulmonary thrombi. Further work is necessary to determine the therapeutic role of antiplatelets agents or of the anti P-selectin antibody Crizanlizumab.

Agrati, C., Bordoni, V., Sacchi, A., Petrosillo, N., Nicastri, E., Del Nonno, F., et al. (2021). Elevated P-selectin in severe Covid-19: Considerations for therapeutic options. MEDITERRANEAN JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 13(1), e2021016 [10.4084/MJHID.2021.016].

Elevated P-selectin in severe Covid-19: Considerations for therapeutic options

Sacchi A.;Antinori A.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is mainly a respiratory tract disease and acute respiratory failure with diffuse microvascular pulmonary thrombosis are critical aspects of the morbidity and mortality of this new syndrome. Purpose: The aim of our study was to investigate, in severe COVID-19 hospitalized patients, the P-selectin plasma concentration as a biomarker of endothelial dysfunction and platelet activation. Methods: 46 patients with severe or critical SARS-CoV-2 infection were included in the study. Age-matched patients then were divided in those requiring admission to the intensive care unit (ICU, ICU cases) vs those not requiring ICU hospitalization (non-ICU cases). Blood samples of severe COVID-19 patients were collected at the time of hospital admission. The quantification of soluble P-selectin was performed by ELI, assay. Results: Our study showed a higher P-selectin plasma concentration in patients with Covid-19, regardless of ICU admission, compared to the normal reference values and compared to ten contextually sampled healthy donors (HD); (COVID-19): median 65.2 (IQRs: 45.1-81.1) vs. HD: 40.3 (IQRs: 24.3-48.7), p=0023. Moreover, results showed a significant reduction of P-sele din after platelets removal in HD, in contrast, both ICU and non-ICU COVID-19 patients showed similar high levels of P-selectin with and without platelets. Conclusion: Elevation of P-selectin suggests a central role of platelet endothelium interaction as part of the multifaced pathogenic mechanism of COVID-19 leading to the local activation of hemostatic system forming pulmonary thrombi. Further work is necessary to determine the therapeutic role of antiplatelets agents or of the anti P-selectin antibody Crizanlizumab.
Agrati, C., Bordoni, V., Sacchi, A., Petrosillo, N., Nicastri, E., Del Nonno, F., et al. (2021). Elevated P-selectin in severe Covid-19: Considerations for therapeutic options. MEDITERRANEAN JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 13(1), e2021016 [10.4084/MJHID.2021.016].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/400107
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