Massive platelet activation and thrombotic events characterize severe COVID-19, highlighting their critical role in SARS-CoV-2-induced immunopathology. Since there is a well-described expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) in severe COVID-19, we evaluated their possible role in platelet activation during SARS-CoV-2 infection. During COVID-19, a lower plasmatic L-arginine level was observed compared to healthy donors, which correlated with MDSC frequency. Additionally, activated GPIIb/IIIa complex (PAC-1) expression was higher on platelets from severe COVID-19 patients compared to healthy controls and inversely correlated with L-arginine plasmatic concentration. Notably, MDSC were able to induce PAC-1 expression in vitro by reducing L-arginine concentration, indicating a direct role of PMN-MDSC in platelet activation. Accordingly, we found a positive correlation between ex vivo platelet PAC-1 expression and PMN-MDSC frequency. Over-all, our data demonstrate the involvement of PMN-MDSC in triggering platelet activation during COVID-19, highlighting a novel role of MDSC in driving COVID-19 pathogenesis.

Sacchi, A., Grassi, G., Notari, S., Gili, S., Bordoni, V., Tartaglia, E., et al. (2021). Expansion of myeloid derived suppressor cells contributes to platelet activation by l-arginine deprivation during sars-cov-2 infection. CELLS, 10(8), 2111 [10.3390/cells10082111].

Expansion of myeloid derived suppressor cells contributes to platelet activation by l-arginine deprivation during sars-cov-2 infection

Sacchi A.;Notari S.;Cimini E.;
2021

Abstract

Massive platelet activation and thrombotic events characterize severe COVID-19, highlighting their critical role in SARS-CoV-2-induced immunopathology. Since there is a well-described expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) in severe COVID-19, we evaluated their possible role in platelet activation during SARS-CoV-2 infection. During COVID-19, a lower plasmatic L-arginine level was observed compared to healthy donors, which correlated with MDSC frequency. Additionally, activated GPIIb/IIIa complex (PAC-1) expression was higher on platelets from severe COVID-19 patients compared to healthy controls and inversely correlated with L-arginine plasmatic concentration. Notably, MDSC were able to induce PAC-1 expression in vitro by reducing L-arginine concentration, indicating a direct role of PMN-MDSC in platelet activation. Accordingly, we found a positive correlation between ex vivo platelet PAC-1 expression and PMN-MDSC frequency. Over-all, our data demonstrate the involvement of PMN-MDSC in triggering platelet activation during COVID-19, highlighting a novel role of MDSC in driving COVID-19 pathogenesis.
Sacchi, A., Grassi, G., Notari, S., Gili, S., Bordoni, V., Tartaglia, E., et al. (2021). Expansion of myeloid derived suppressor cells contributes to platelet activation by l-arginine deprivation during sars-cov-2 infection. CELLS, 10(8), 2111 [10.3390/cells10082111].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/400174
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