This research examines a portion of the Italian alpine landscape in order to find a comprehension mode and a strategic proposal to safeguard this rural heritage. The area is located in Valtellina, in the municipality of Teglio (Sondrio, Italy), between 700 and 1200 m a.s.l. Typical characteristic of the local landscape conformation is fragmentation, which determines a rapidly changing chequerboard depending on the rotation of seasons and cultivation. The landscape alternates wooded and cultivated areas. Cultivations mainly concern rye, buckwheat, corn, barley, alpine wheat, chestnuts and small orchards and have a wide agrobiodiversity and especially a historical and cultural value. The cultivation of buckwheat, for example nustran arrived in the valley in the XVII century and Teglio is the place where it persists more. The genotypes present are in part already classified, in part under study. The vernine crop alternated to buckwheat is mainly rye, arrived in the valley since the XV century. The local varieties formed over time are a resource of genotypes adapted to high altitude agricultural environments, they have important nutraceutical properties and they are closely associated with the local culture. The aim was to verify the persistence of traditional crops in the area, together with the cultural value of the traditional rural system, in order to analyse the feasibility of a strategy for the preservation of biocultural diversity. The research has shown how, despite the dynamics of depopulation and abandonment of agricultural fields, there is still in the area a sufficient permanence of cultural practices and social uses that can be a solid starting point for a sustainable development of the territory that focuses on agricultural and cultural biodiversity.
de Pasquale, G., & Spinelli, E. (2021). The alpine rural landscape as a cultural reserve: the case study of Teglio in Valtellina. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION [10.1007/s10531-021-02298-1].
|Titolo:||The alpine rural landscape as a cultural reserve: the case study of Teglio in Valtellina|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Citazione:||de Pasquale, G., & Spinelli, E. (2021). The alpine rural landscape as a cultural reserve: the case study of Teglio in Valtellina. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION [10.1007/s10531-021-02298-1].|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|