This paper investigates how economic activity impacted Covid-19 infections and all-cause mortality. To this purpose, we exploit the distribution of essential sectors, which were exempted from a national lockdown enacted in Italy during the first wave of the pandemic, across provinces and rich administrative data in a difference-in-differences framework. We find that a standard deviation increase in essential workers per built square kilometre leads to 1.1 additional daily cases and 0.32 additional daily deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. Back of the envelope calculations suggest that about one third (47,000) of the Covid-19 cases and about 13% (13,000) of deaths between March and May of 2020 can be attributed to the less stringent lockdown for these sectors. The effect is heterogeneous across sectors. Finally, we find that the local health system played a relevant role in reducing fatalities with a higher number of general practitioners and hospital beds per capita being associated with a lower mortality.

Porto, E.D., Naticchioni, P., Scrutinio, V. (2022). Lockdown, essential sectors, and Covid-19: Lessons from Italy. JOURNAL OF HEALTH ECONOMICS, 81, 102572 [10.1016/j.jhealeco.2021.102572].

Lockdown, essential sectors, and Covid-19: Lessons from Italy

Naticchioni P.
;
2022

Abstract

This paper investigates how economic activity impacted Covid-19 infections and all-cause mortality. To this purpose, we exploit the distribution of essential sectors, which were exempted from a national lockdown enacted in Italy during the first wave of the pandemic, across provinces and rich administrative data in a difference-in-differences framework. We find that a standard deviation increase in essential workers per built square kilometre leads to 1.1 additional daily cases and 0.32 additional daily deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. Back of the envelope calculations suggest that about one third (47,000) of the Covid-19 cases and about 13% (13,000) of deaths between March and May of 2020 can be attributed to the less stringent lockdown for these sectors. The effect is heterogeneous across sectors. Finally, we find that the local health system played a relevant role in reducing fatalities with a higher number of general practitioners and hospital beds per capita being associated with a lower mortality.
Porto, E.D., Naticchioni, P., Scrutinio, V. (2022). Lockdown, essential sectors, and Covid-19: Lessons from Italy. JOURNAL OF HEALTH ECONOMICS, 81, 102572 [10.1016/j.jhealeco.2021.102572].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/400720
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