The statistical characterization of extreme floods largely benefits from the reconstruction of historical floods, making use of various documentary sources and of hydrodynamic models. The two-dimensional (2D) modelling approach provides a higher accuracy and detail with respect to one-dimensional (1D) modelling. On the other hand, 2D models require a large amount of topographic and hydraulic information for calibration, having several parameters to be determined, which makes the calibration prone to underdetermination. To address this issue, we provide here practical guidance for the effective calibration of 2D models for the reconstruction of historical floods in urban areas with a limited amount of information available. Specifically, we show how to constrain model parameters by distinguishing among “static,” “dynamic” and “global” data and their role in the calibration procedure. The latter is exemplified by a relevant application to the reconstruction of the great 1870 flood of Rome, Italy.

Mancini, C.P., Lollai, S., Calenda, G., Volpi, E., & Fiori, A. (2022). Guidance in the calibration of two-dimensional models of historical floods in urban areas: a case study. HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL, 67(3), 358-368 [10.1080/02626667.2021.2022153].

Guidance in the calibration of two-dimensional models of historical floods in urban areas: a case study

Mancini C. P.;Lollai S.;Calenda G.;Volpi E.;Fiori A.
2022

Abstract

The statistical characterization of extreme floods largely benefits from the reconstruction of historical floods, making use of various documentary sources and of hydrodynamic models. The two-dimensional (2D) modelling approach provides a higher accuracy and detail with respect to one-dimensional (1D) modelling. On the other hand, 2D models require a large amount of topographic and hydraulic information for calibration, having several parameters to be determined, which makes the calibration prone to underdetermination. To address this issue, we provide here practical guidance for the effective calibration of 2D models for the reconstruction of historical floods in urban areas with a limited amount of information available. Specifically, we show how to constrain model parameters by distinguishing among “static,” “dynamic” and “global” data and their role in the calibration procedure. The latter is exemplified by a relevant application to the reconstruction of the great 1870 flood of Rome, Italy.
Mancini, C.P., Lollai, S., Calenda, G., Volpi, E., & Fiori, A. (2022). Guidance in the calibration of two-dimensional models of historical floods in urban areas: a case study. HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL, 67(3), 358-368 [10.1080/02626667.2021.2022153].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/401135
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