: Microplastics (plastics <5 mm) are globally widespread pollutants of aquatic ecosystems. As microplastics contaminate both water and sediments, research on their spatial distribution in these different environmental matrices has increased. However, fresh waters are poorly studied and even less so are lentic ecosystems. To contribute filling this knowledge gap, this study analyses the distribution of microplastics in the water column and surface sediments of a volcanic lake, namely Lake Bracciano. Furthermore, it analyses in more detail the relationship between the concentration of microplastics in sediments, its grain size and the sampling depth (i.e. nearshore or deep). Water and sediment sampling was carried out in different sectors of the lake (northern, eastern, southern, western) using a plankton net and a van Veen grab sampler, respectively. Two sediment samples were collected at each station in order to analyse the abundance of microplastic and to perform grain size analysis. Results show a mean concentration of 2.4 items m-3 in water and 42 items kg-1 in sediments. The distribution of microplastics is uneven between the different sampling stations, with the northern sector being the most contaminated in both matrices. The chemical composition and shape of microplastics vary between water and sediment. In particular, polyethylene terephthalate and polyvinyl chloride are the most abundant polymers in water and sediments, respectively. Fibres are the main shape of microplastics in water while fragments are more abundant in sediments. In-depth analysis of sediment shows that sediments from deep stations are more contaminated than nearshore samples and have more fragment-shaped microplastics than fibre-shaped ones. Furthermore, there is a significant positive correlation between the concentration of microplastics and the abundance of silt, confirming data emerging from the scientific literature on marine and lotic ecosystems.

Cera, A., Pierdomenico, M., Sodo, A., & Scalici, M. (2022). Spatial distribution of microplastics in volcanic lake water and sediments: Relationships with depth and sediment grain size. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 829, 154659 [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154659].

Spatial distribution of microplastics in volcanic lake water and sediments: Relationships with depth and sediment grain size

Cera, Alessandra;Sodo, Armida;Scalici, Massimiliano
2022

Abstract

: Microplastics (plastics <5 mm) are globally widespread pollutants of aquatic ecosystems. As microplastics contaminate both water and sediments, research on their spatial distribution in these different environmental matrices has increased. However, fresh waters are poorly studied and even less so are lentic ecosystems. To contribute filling this knowledge gap, this study analyses the distribution of microplastics in the water column and surface sediments of a volcanic lake, namely Lake Bracciano. Furthermore, it analyses in more detail the relationship between the concentration of microplastics in sediments, its grain size and the sampling depth (i.e. nearshore or deep). Water and sediment sampling was carried out in different sectors of the lake (northern, eastern, southern, western) using a plankton net and a van Veen grab sampler, respectively. Two sediment samples were collected at each station in order to analyse the abundance of microplastic and to perform grain size analysis. Results show a mean concentration of 2.4 items m-3 in water and 42 items kg-1 in sediments. The distribution of microplastics is uneven between the different sampling stations, with the northern sector being the most contaminated in both matrices. The chemical composition and shape of microplastics vary between water and sediment. In particular, polyethylene terephthalate and polyvinyl chloride are the most abundant polymers in water and sediments, respectively. Fibres are the main shape of microplastics in water while fragments are more abundant in sediments. In-depth analysis of sediment shows that sediments from deep stations are more contaminated than nearshore samples and have more fragment-shaped microplastics than fibre-shaped ones. Furthermore, there is a significant positive correlation between the concentration of microplastics and the abundance of silt, confirming data emerging from the scientific literature on marine and lotic ecosystems.
Cera, A., Pierdomenico, M., Sodo, A., & Scalici, M. (2022). Spatial distribution of microplastics in volcanic lake water and sediments: Relationships with depth and sediment grain size. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 829, 154659 [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154659].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/401600
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact