Mandibular hypoplasia, Deafness and Progeroid features with concomitant Lipodystrophy is a rare, genetic, premature aging disease named MDPL Syndrome, due to almost always a de novo variant in POLD1 gene, encoding the DNA polymerase δ. In previous in vitro studies, we have already described several hallmarks of aging, including genetic damage, telomere shortening, cell senescence and proliferation defects. Since a clear connection has been reported between telomere shortening and mitochondria malfunction to initiate the aging process, we explored the role that mitochondrial metabolism and activity play in pathogenesis of MDPL Syndrome, an aspect that has not been addressed yet. We thus evaluated mtDNA copy number, assessing a significant decrease in mutated cells. The expression level of genes related to mitochondrial biogenesis and activity also revealed a significant reduction, highlighting a mitochondrial dysfunction in MDPL cells. Even the expression levels of mitochondrial marker SOD2, as assessed by immunofluorescence, were reduced. The decrease in this antioxidant enzyme correlated with increased production of mitochondrial ROS in MDPL cells, compared to WT. Consistent with these data, Focused Ion Beam/Scanning Electron Microscopy (FIB/SEM) analysis revealed in MDPL cells fewer mitochondria, which also displayed morphological abnormalities. Accordingly, we detected autophagic vacuoles containing partially digested mitochondria. Overall, our results demonstrate a dramatic impairment of mitochondrial biogenesis and activity in MDPL Syndrome. Administration of Metformin, though unable to restore mitochondrial impairment, proved efficient in rescuing nuclear abnormalities, suggesting its use to specifically ameliorate the premature aging phenotype.

Murdocca, M., Spitalieri, P., Cappello, A., Colasuonno, F., Moreno, S., Candi, E., et al. (2022). Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Mandibular Hypoplasia, Deafness and Progeroid Features with Concomitant Lipodystrophy (Mdpl) Patients. AGING, 14(4), 1651-1664 [10.18632/aging.203910].

Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Mandibular Hypoplasia, Deafness and Progeroid Features with Concomitant Lipodystrophy (Mdpl) Patients

Colasuonno F.;Moreno S.;
2022

Abstract

Mandibular hypoplasia, Deafness and Progeroid features with concomitant Lipodystrophy is a rare, genetic, premature aging disease named MDPL Syndrome, due to almost always a de novo variant in POLD1 gene, encoding the DNA polymerase δ. In previous in vitro studies, we have already described several hallmarks of aging, including genetic damage, telomere shortening, cell senescence and proliferation defects. Since a clear connection has been reported between telomere shortening and mitochondria malfunction to initiate the aging process, we explored the role that mitochondrial metabolism and activity play in pathogenesis of MDPL Syndrome, an aspect that has not been addressed yet. We thus evaluated mtDNA copy number, assessing a significant decrease in mutated cells. The expression level of genes related to mitochondrial biogenesis and activity also revealed a significant reduction, highlighting a mitochondrial dysfunction in MDPL cells. Even the expression levels of mitochondrial marker SOD2, as assessed by immunofluorescence, were reduced. The decrease in this antioxidant enzyme correlated with increased production of mitochondrial ROS in MDPL cells, compared to WT. Consistent with these data, Focused Ion Beam/Scanning Electron Microscopy (FIB/SEM) analysis revealed in MDPL cells fewer mitochondria, which also displayed morphological abnormalities. Accordingly, we detected autophagic vacuoles containing partially digested mitochondria. Overall, our results demonstrate a dramatic impairment of mitochondrial biogenesis and activity in MDPL Syndrome. Administration of Metformin, though unable to restore mitochondrial impairment, proved efficient in rescuing nuclear abnormalities, suggesting its use to specifically ameliorate the premature aging phenotype.
Murdocca, M., Spitalieri, P., Cappello, A., Colasuonno, F., Moreno, S., Candi, E., et al. (2022). Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Mandibular Hypoplasia, Deafness and Progeroid Features with Concomitant Lipodystrophy (Mdpl) Patients. AGING, 14(4), 1651-1664 [10.18632/aging.203910].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/402082
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