In mitochondria, metabolic processes require the trafficking of solutes and organic molecules, such as amino acids. This task is accomplished by the Mitochondrial Carrier Family members (also known as SLC25), among which the SLC25A29 is responsible for the translocation of basic amino acids. In this regard, nitric oxide levels originated by the arginine mitochondrial catabolism have been shown to strongly affect cancer cells’ metabolic status. Furthermore, the metabolic disease saccharopinuria has been linked to a mitochondrial dysregulation caused by a toxic intermediate of the lysine catabolism. In both cases, a reduction of the activity of SLC25A29 has been shown to ameliorate these pathological conditions. However, no detailed structural data are available on SLC25A29. In the present work, molecular modelling, docking and dynamics simulations have been employed to analyse the structural determinants of ligands recognition by SLC25A29 in the c-state. Results confirm and reinforce earlier predictions that Asn73, Arg160 and Glu161, and Arg257 represent the ligand contact points I, II, and III, respectively, and that Arg160, Trp204 and Arg257 form a stable interaction, likely critical for ligand binding and translocation. These results are discussed in view of the experimental data available for SLC25A29 and other homologous carriers of the same family.

Pasquadibisceglie, A., & Polticelli, F. (2021). Structural determinants of ligands recognition by the human mitochondrial basic amino acids transporter SLC25A29. Insights from molecular dynamics simulations of the c-state. COMPUTATIONAL AND STRUCTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL, 19, 5600-5612 [10.1016/j.csbj.2021.10.007].

Structural determinants of ligands recognition by the human mitochondrial basic amino acids transporter SLC25A29. Insights from molecular dynamics simulations of the c-state

Pasquadibisceglie A.;Polticelli F.
2021

Abstract

In mitochondria, metabolic processes require the trafficking of solutes and organic molecules, such as amino acids. This task is accomplished by the Mitochondrial Carrier Family members (also known as SLC25), among which the SLC25A29 is responsible for the translocation of basic amino acids. In this regard, nitric oxide levels originated by the arginine mitochondrial catabolism have been shown to strongly affect cancer cells’ metabolic status. Furthermore, the metabolic disease saccharopinuria has been linked to a mitochondrial dysregulation caused by a toxic intermediate of the lysine catabolism. In both cases, a reduction of the activity of SLC25A29 has been shown to ameliorate these pathological conditions. However, no detailed structural data are available on SLC25A29. In the present work, molecular modelling, docking and dynamics simulations have been employed to analyse the structural determinants of ligands recognition by SLC25A29 in the c-state. Results confirm and reinforce earlier predictions that Asn73, Arg160 and Glu161, and Arg257 represent the ligand contact points I, II, and III, respectively, and that Arg160, Trp204 and Arg257 form a stable interaction, likely critical for ligand binding and translocation. These results are discussed in view of the experimental data available for SLC25A29 and other homologous carriers of the same family.
Pasquadibisceglie, A., & Polticelli, F. (2021). Structural determinants of ligands recognition by the human mitochondrial basic amino acids transporter SLC25A29. Insights from molecular dynamics simulations of the c-state. COMPUTATIONAL AND STRUCTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL, 19, 5600-5612 [10.1016/j.csbj.2021.10.007].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/402541
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