Cholesterol plays a crucial role in the brain, where its metabolism is particularly regulated by astrocytic activity. Indeed, adult neurons suppress their own cholesterol biosynthesis and import this sterol through ApoE‐rich particles secreted from astrocytes. Recent evidence suggests that nerve growth factor (NGF) may exert neurotrophic activity by influencing cell metabolism. Nevertheless, the effect of NGF on glial cholesterol homeostasis has still not been elucidated. Thus, the aim of this project is to assess whether NGF could influence cholesterol metabolism in glial cells. To reach this objective, the U373 astrocyte‐derived cell line was used as an experimental model. Immunoblot and ELISA analysis showed that proteins and enzymes belonging to the cholesterol metabolism network were increased upon NGF treatment in glial cells. Furthermore, NGF significantly increased ApoE secretion and the amount of extracellular cholesterol in the culture medium. Co‐culture and U373‐ conditioned medium experiments demonstrated that NGF treatment efficiently counteracted rotenone‐mediated cytotoxicity in N1E‐115 neuronal cells. Conversely, neuroprotection mediated by NGF treatment was suppressed when N1E‐115 were co‐cultured with ApoE‐silenced U373 cells. Taken together, these data suggest that NGF controls cholesterol homeostasis in glial cells. More importantly, NGF exerts neuroprotection against oxidative stress, which is likely associated with the induction of glial ApoE secretion.

Colardo, M., Petraroia, M., Lerza, L., Pensabene, D., Martella, N., Pallottini, V., et al. (2022). NGF Modulates Cholesterol Metabolism and Stimulates ApoE Secretion in Glial Cells Conferring Neuroprotection against Oxidative Stress. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 23(9), 4842 [10.3390/ijms23094842].

NGF Modulates Cholesterol Metabolism and Stimulates ApoE Secretion in Glial Cells Conferring Neuroprotection against Oxidative Stress

Pallottini V.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Segatto M.
2022

Abstract

Cholesterol plays a crucial role in the brain, where its metabolism is particularly regulated by astrocytic activity. Indeed, adult neurons suppress their own cholesterol biosynthesis and import this sterol through ApoE‐rich particles secreted from astrocytes. Recent evidence suggests that nerve growth factor (NGF) may exert neurotrophic activity by influencing cell metabolism. Nevertheless, the effect of NGF on glial cholesterol homeostasis has still not been elucidated. Thus, the aim of this project is to assess whether NGF could influence cholesterol metabolism in glial cells. To reach this objective, the U373 astrocyte‐derived cell line was used as an experimental model. Immunoblot and ELISA analysis showed that proteins and enzymes belonging to the cholesterol metabolism network were increased upon NGF treatment in glial cells. Furthermore, NGF significantly increased ApoE secretion and the amount of extracellular cholesterol in the culture medium. Co‐culture and U373‐ conditioned medium experiments demonstrated that NGF treatment efficiently counteracted rotenone‐mediated cytotoxicity in N1E‐115 neuronal cells. Conversely, neuroprotection mediated by NGF treatment was suppressed when N1E‐115 were co‐cultured with ApoE‐silenced U373 cells. Taken together, these data suggest that NGF controls cholesterol homeostasis in glial cells. More importantly, NGF exerts neuroprotection against oxidative stress, which is likely associated with the induction of glial ApoE secretion.
Colardo, M., Petraroia, M., Lerza, L., Pensabene, D., Martella, N., Pallottini, V., et al. (2022). NGF Modulates Cholesterol Metabolism and Stimulates ApoE Secretion in Glial Cells Conferring Neuroprotection against Oxidative Stress. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 23(9), 4842 [10.3390/ijms23094842].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/404680
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