The use of lubricants and hydraulic fluids of both mineral and synthetic origin in agricultural processes could have a deep impact on the environment as a result of their possible dispersion in the ground and aquifers. Replacing them with bio‐based fluids, developed to provide good tribological properties and high biodegradability, could contribute to reducing their negative effects. The evaluation of the capacity of such innovative fluids to replace the conventional ones is based on work cycles lasting as long as their lifetime, during which their characteristics must prove to be at least equal to those of the fluids they replace. To shorten the evaluation process, CREA (Consiglio per la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia Agraria) developed a fluid test rig (FTR) and related test method, able to apply severe work cycles on small oil volumes, thereby accelerating the aging of the fluid beyond what typically occurs. This paper reports the results of the tests on FTR’s functionality carried out comparing two UTTO (Universal Tractor Transmission Oil) fluids: a widespread conventional fluid and an experimental vegetable‐based oil. The FTR will permit, in a relatively short time, the assessment of the most promising formulations to be tested later under real working conditions, e.g., in agricultural tractors, reducing the risk of damage, before their ultimate introduction into the operating reality.

Pochi, D., Fanigliulo, R., Bisaglia, C., Cutini, M., Grilli, R., Fornaciari, L., et al. (2020). Test rig and method for comparative evaluation of conventional and bio‐based hydraulic fluids and lubricants for agricultural transmissions. SUSTAINABILITY, 12(20), 1-22 [10.3390/su12208564].

Test rig and method for comparative evaluation of conventional and bio‐based hydraulic fluids and lubricants for agricultural transmissions

Palmieri F.;Chiatti G.
2020

Abstract

The use of lubricants and hydraulic fluids of both mineral and synthetic origin in agricultural processes could have a deep impact on the environment as a result of their possible dispersion in the ground and aquifers. Replacing them with bio‐based fluids, developed to provide good tribological properties and high biodegradability, could contribute to reducing their negative effects. The evaluation of the capacity of such innovative fluids to replace the conventional ones is based on work cycles lasting as long as their lifetime, during which their characteristics must prove to be at least equal to those of the fluids they replace. To shorten the evaluation process, CREA (Consiglio per la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia Agraria) developed a fluid test rig (FTR) and related test method, able to apply severe work cycles on small oil volumes, thereby accelerating the aging of the fluid beyond what typically occurs. This paper reports the results of the tests on FTR’s functionality carried out comparing two UTTO (Universal Tractor Transmission Oil) fluids: a widespread conventional fluid and an experimental vegetable‐based oil. The FTR will permit, in a relatively short time, the assessment of the most promising formulations to be tested later under real working conditions, e.g., in agricultural tractors, reducing the risk of damage, before their ultimate introduction into the operating reality.
Pochi, D., Fanigliulo, R., Bisaglia, C., Cutini, M., Grilli, R., Fornaciari, L., et al. (2020). Test rig and method for comparative evaluation of conventional and bio‐based hydraulic fluids and lubricants for agricultural transmissions. SUSTAINABILITY, 12(20), 1-22 [10.3390/su12208564].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/405084
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