Metal foams are a material, featuring interesting characteristics for the aeronautical and automotive fields because of their low specific weight, high thermal properties, and mechanical performances. In particular, this paper deals with thermal and fluid dynamic study of 24 open-cell aluminum EN43500 (AlSi10MnMg) metal foams produced by indirect additive manufacturing (I-AM), combining 3D printing and metal casting to obtain a controllable morphology. A study of foam behavior function of the morphological features (pores per inch (PPI), branch thickness (r), and edges morphology (smooth-regular)) was performed. The samples produced were heated by radiation and tested in an open wind circuit gallery to measure the fluid dynamic properties such as pressure drop (Δp), inertial coefficient (f), and permeability (k), in an air forced convection flow. The thermal characterization was performed evaluating both the theoretical (kth) and effective (keff) thermal conductivity of the foams. Also, the global heat transfer coefficient (HTCglobal) was evaluated with different airflow rates. Analysis of variance (ANoVA) was performed to figure out which geometrical parameters are significant during both thermal and fluid dynamic processes. The results obtained show how the controllable foam morphology can affect the involved parameters, leading to an ad hoc design for industrial applications that require high thermo-fluid-dynamical performances.

Almonti, D., Baiocco, G., Mingione, E., & Ucciardello, N. (2020). Evaluation of the effects of the metal foams geometrical features on thermal and fluid-dynamical behavior in forced convection. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY, 111(3-4), 1157-1172 [10.1007/s00170-020-06092-1].

Evaluation of the effects of the metal foams geometrical features on thermal and fluid-dynamical behavior in forced convection

Almonti D.;
2020

Abstract

Metal foams are a material, featuring interesting characteristics for the aeronautical and automotive fields because of their low specific weight, high thermal properties, and mechanical performances. In particular, this paper deals with thermal and fluid dynamic study of 24 open-cell aluminum EN43500 (AlSi10MnMg) metal foams produced by indirect additive manufacturing (I-AM), combining 3D printing and metal casting to obtain a controllable morphology. A study of foam behavior function of the morphological features (pores per inch (PPI), branch thickness (r), and edges morphology (smooth-regular)) was performed. The samples produced were heated by radiation and tested in an open wind circuit gallery to measure the fluid dynamic properties such as pressure drop (Δp), inertial coefficient (f), and permeability (k), in an air forced convection flow. The thermal characterization was performed evaluating both the theoretical (kth) and effective (keff) thermal conductivity of the foams. Also, the global heat transfer coefficient (HTCglobal) was evaluated with different airflow rates. Analysis of variance (ANoVA) was performed to figure out which geometrical parameters are significant during both thermal and fluid dynamic processes. The results obtained show how the controllable foam morphology can affect the involved parameters, leading to an ad hoc design for industrial applications that require high thermo-fluid-dynamical performances.
Almonti, D., Baiocco, G., Mingione, E., & Ucciardello, N. (2020). Evaluation of the effects of the metal foams geometrical features on thermal and fluid-dynamical behavior in forced convection. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY, 111(3-4), 1157-1172 [10.1007/s00170-020-06092-1].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/405098
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