We discuss the particle horizon problem in the framework of spatially homogeneous and isotropic scalar cosmologies. To this purpose we consider a Friedmann–Lemaître–Robertson–Walker (FLRW) spacetime with possibly non-zero spatial sectional curvature (and arbitrary dimension), and assume that the content of the universe is a family of perfect fluids, plus a scalar field that can be a quintessence or a phantom (depending on the sign of the kinetic part in its action functional). We show that the occurrence of a particle horizon is unavoidable if the field is a quintessence, the spatial curvature is non-positive and the usual energy conditions are fulfilled by the perfect fluids. As a partial converse, we present three solvable models where a phantom is present in addition to a perfect fluid, and no particle horizon appears.

Fermi, D., Gengo, M., Pizzocchero, L. (2019). On the Necessity of Phantom Fields for Solving the Horizon Problem in Scalar Cosmologies. UNIVERSE, 5(3), 76 [10.3390/universe5030076].

On the Necessity of Phantom Fields for Solving the Horizon Problem in Scalar Cosmologies

Davide Fermi
;
2019

Abstract

We discuss the particle horizon problem in the framework of spatially homogeneous and isotropic scalar cosmologies. To this purpose we consider a Friedmann–Lemaître–Robertson–Walker (FLRW) spacetime with possibly non-zero spatial sectional curvature (and arbitrary dimension), and assume that the content of the universe is a family of perfect fluids, plus a scalar field that can be a quintessence or a phantom (depending on the sign of the kinetic part in its action functional). We show that the occurrence of a particle horizon is unavoidable if the field is a quintessence, the spatial curvature is non-positive and the usual energy conditions are fulfilled by the perfect fluids. As a partial converse, we present three solvable models where a phantom is present in addition to a perfect fluid, and no particle horizon appears.
Fermi, D., Gengo, M., Pizzocchero, L. (2019). On the Necessity of Phantom Fields for Solving the Horizon Problem in Scalar Cosmologies. UNIVERSE, 5(3), 76 [10.3390/universe5030076].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/413918
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